Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. Research

    The association between ambient fine particulate matter and incident adenocarcinoma subtype of lung cancer

    Adenocarcinoma (AC) is the most common lung cancer among non-smokers, but few studies have assessed the effect of PM2.5 on AC among never smokers. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between a...

    Lida Gharibvand, W. Lawrence Beeson, David Shavlik, Raymond Knutsen, Mark Ghamsary, Samuel Soret and Synnove F. Knutsen

    Environmental Health 2017 16:71

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  2. Research

    Buccal mucosa micronuclei counts in relation to exposure to low dose-rate radiation from the Chornobyl nuclear accident and other medical and occupational radiation exposures

    Ionizing radiation is a well-known carcinogen. Chromosome aberrations, and in particular micronuclei represent an early biological predictor of cancer risk. There are well-documented associations of micronucle...

    D. Bazyka, S. C. Finch, I. M. Ilienko, O. Lyaskivska, I. Dyagil, N. Trotsiuk, N. Gudzenko, V. V. Chumak, K. M. Walsh, J. Wiemels, M. P. Little and L.B. Zablotska

    Environmental Health 2017 16:70

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  3. Research

    Prenatal exposure to antifungal medication may change anogenital distance in male offspring: a preliminary study

    Vaginal candidiasis is frequent among pregnant women and it is treated with anti-fungal medication (conazoles). Conazoles have anti-androgenic properties and prenatal exposure in rodents is associated with a s...

    Djamilla Madelung Mogensen, Maria Bergkvist Pihl, Niels E. Skakkebæk, Helle Raun Andersen, Anders Juul, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Shanna Swan, David Møbjerg Kristensen, Marianne Skovager Andersen, Dorte Vesterholm Lind and Tina Kold Jensen

    Environmental Health 2017 16:68

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  4. Research

    Long-term exposure to ambient ultrafine particles and respiratory disease incidence in in Toronto, Canada: a cohort study

    Little is known about the long-term health effects of ambient ultrafine particles (<0.1 μm) (UFPs) including their association with respiratory disease incidence. In this study, we examined the relationship be...

    Scott Weichenthal, Li Bai, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Keith Van Ryswyk, Jeffrey C. Kwong, Michael Jerrett, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V. Martin, Richard T. Burnett, Hong Lu and Hong Chen

    Environmental Health 2017 16:64

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  5. Research

    Short-term air pollution exposure decreases lung function: a repeated measures study in healthy adults

    Daily changes in ambient concentrations of particulate matter, nitrogen oxides and ozone are associated with increased cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality, with the lungs and their function being a vulnera...

    Luc Int Panis, Eline B Provost, Bianca Cox, Tijs Louwies, Michelle Laeremans, Arnout Standaert, Evi Dons, Luc Holmstock, Tim Nawrot and Patrick De Boever

    Environmental Health 2017 16:60

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  6. Review

    Air pollution, cardiovascular endpoints and susceptibility by stress and material resources: a systematic review of the evidence

    Evidence shows that both the physical and social environments play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this systematic review is two-fold: First, we summarize research from the ...

    Christina H. Fuller, Karla R. Feeser, Jeremy A. Sarnat and Marie S. O’Neill

    Environmental Health 2017 16:58

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  7. Research

    Household air pollution from cooking and risk of adverse health and birth outcomes in Bangladesh: a nationwide population-based study

    Household air pollution (HAP) from cooking with solid fuels has become a leading cause of death and disability in many developing countries including Bangladesh. We assess the association between HAP and risk ...

    Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Cherri Zhang B. Nurs, M. Mofizul Islam, Md Rafiqul Islam and Md Mizanur Rahman

    Environmental Health 2017 16:57

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  8. Research

    The short term burden of ambient fine particulate matter on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Ningbo, China

    Numerous studies have found associations between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and increased mortality risk. However, little evidence is available on associations between PM2.5 and years of life lost (Y...

    Guoxing Li, Jing Huang, Guozhang Xu, Xiaochuan Pan, Xujun Qian, Jiaying Xu, Yan Zhao, Tao Zhang, Qichen Liu, Xinbiao Guo and Tianfeng He

    Environmental Health 2017 16:54

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  9. Research

    Blood pressure in young adulthood and residential greenness in the early-life environment of twins

    Previous research shows that, besides risk factors in adult life, the early-life environment can influence blood pressure and hypertension in adults. However, the effects of residential traffic exposure and re...

    Esmée M Bijnens, Tim S Nawrot, Ruth JF Loos, Marij Gielen, Robert Vlietinck, Catherine Derom and Maurice P Zeegers

    Environmental Health 2017 16:53

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  10. Research

    Newborn sex-specific transcriptome signatures and gestational exposure to fine particles: findings from the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort

    Air pollution exposure during pregnancy has been associated with adverse birth outcomes and health problems later in life. We investigated sex-specific transcriptomic responses to gestational long- and short-t...

    Ellen Winckelmans, Karen Vrijens, Maria Tsamou, Bram G. Janssen, Nelly D. Saenen, Harry A. Roels, Jos Kleinjans, Wouter Lefebvre, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Theo M. de Kok and Tim S. Nawrot

    Environmental Health 2017 16:52

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  11. Research

    The protracted waste crisis and physical health of workers in Beirut: a comparative cross-sectional study

    Since July 2015, Lebanon has been experiencing a waste management crisis. Dumpsites in inhabited areas and waste burning have emerged due to the waste accumulation, further adding to the gravity of the situati...

    Rami Z. Morsi, Rawan Safa, Serge F. Baroud, Cherine N. Fawaz, Jad I. Farha, Fadi El-Jardali and Monique Chaaya

    Environmental Health 2017 16:39

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  12. Research

    Variability and predictors of urinary concentrations of organophosphate flame retardant metabolites among pregnant women in Rhode Island

    Organophospate flame retardants (PFRs) are chemicals of emerging concern due to restrictions on polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardant formulations. We describe the occurrence, variability, and predicto...

    Megan E. Romano, Nicola L. Hawley, Melissa Eliot, Antonia M. Calafat, Nayana K. Jayatilaka, Karl Kelsey, Stephen McGarvey, Maureen G. Phipps, David A. Savitz, Erika F. Werner and Joseph M. Braun

    Environmental Health 2017 16:40

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  13. Review

    Environmental pollutants, a possible etiology for premature ovarian insufficiency: a narrative review of animal and human data

    Because only 25% of cases of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) have a known etiology, the aim of this review was to summarize the associations and mechanisms of the impact of the environment on this pathol...

    Pauline Vabre, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Véronique Gayrard, Nicole Picard-Hagen, Jean Parinaud and Roger D. Leandri

    Environmental Health 2017 16:37

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  14. Research

    Hospitalizations for heat-stress illness varies between rural and urban areas: an analysis of Illinois data, 1987–2014

    The disease burden due to heat-stress illness (HSI), which can result in significant morbidity and mortality, is expected to increase as the climate continues to warm. In the United States (U.S.) much of what ...

    Jyotsna S. Jagai, Elena Grossman, Livia Navon, Apostolis Sambanis and Samuel Dorevitch

    Environmental Health 2017 16:38

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  15. Research

    Maternal urinary phthalates and sex-specific placental mRNA levels in an urban birth cohort

    Prenatal urinary concentrations of phthalates in women participants in an urban birth cohort were associated with outcomes in their children related to neurodevelopment, autoimmune disease risk, and fat mass a...

    Jennifer J. Adibi, Jessie P. Buckley, Myoung Keun Lee, Paige L. Williams, Allan C. Just, Yaqi Zhao, Hari K. Bhat and Robin M. Whyatt

    Environmental Health 2017 16:35

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  16. Research

    Indoor air pollution and its association with poor lung function, microalbuminuria and variations in blood pressure among kitchen workers in India: a cross-sectional study

    The present study is an attempt to explore the association between kitchen indoor air pollutants and physiological profiles in kitchen workers with microalbuminuria (MAU) in north India (Lucknow) and south Ind...

    Amarnath Singh, Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran, Ritul Kamal, Vipin Bihari, Afzal Ansari, Parappurath Abdul Azeez, Prem Narain Saxena, Anil Kumar KS and Altaf Hussain Khan

    Environmental Health 2017 16:33

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  17. Review

    Lead exposure at firing ranges—a review

    Lead (Pb) is a toxic substance with well-known, multiple, long-term, adverse health outcomes. Shooting guns at firing ranges is an occupational necessity for security personnel, police officers, members of the...

    Mark A. S. Laidlaw, Gabriel Filippelli, Howard Mielke, Brian Gulson and Andrew S. Ball

    Environmental Health 2017 16:34

    Published on: 4 April 2017

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