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  1. Research

    Exposure to air pollution near a steel plant is associated with reduced heart rate variability: a randomised crossover study

    Epidemiological studies have shown that as ambient air pollution (AP) increases the risk of cardiovascular mortality also increases. The mechanisms of this effect may be linked to alterations in autonomic nerv...

    Robin H. Shutt, Lisa Marie Kauri, Scott Weichenthal, Premkumari Kumarathasan, Renaud Vincent, Errol M. Thomson, Ling Liu, Mamun Mahmud, Sabit Cakmak and Robert Dales

    Environmental Health 2017 16:4

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  2. Research

    Early-life exposure to air pollution and greater use of academic support services in childhood: a population-based cohort study of urban children

    There is a growing literature showing associations between prenatal and early-life exposure to air pollution and children’s neurodevelopment. However, it is unclear if decrements in neurodevelopment observed i...

    Jeanette A. Stingone, Katharine H. McVeigh and Luz Claudio

    Environmental Health 2017 16:2

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  3. Research

    Airplane pilot mental health and suicidal thoughts: a cross-sectional descriptive study via anonymous web-based survey

    The Germanwings Flight 9525 crash has brought the sensitive subject of airline pilot mental health to the forefront in aviation. Globally, 350 million people suffer from depression–a common mental disorder. Th...

    Alexander C. Wu, Deborah Donnelly-McLay, Marc G. Weisskopf, Eileen McNeely, Theresa S. Betancourt and Joseph G. Allen

    Environmental Health 2016 15:121

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  4. Research

    The use of self-reported symptoms as a proxy for acute organophosphate poisoning after exposure to chlorpyrifos 50% plus cypermethrin 5% among Nepali farmers: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study

    Previous studies stating a high prevalence of occupational acute pesticide poisoning in developing countries have mainly relied on measurements of the rather non-specific self-reported acute pesticide poisonin...

    Dea Haagensen Kofod, Erik Jørs, Anshu Varma, Shankuk Bhatta and Jane Frølund Thomsen

    Environmental Health 2016 15:122

    Published on: 13 December 2016

  5. Research

    Internal living environment and respiratory disease in children: findings from the Growing Up in New Zealand longitudinal child cohort study

    The incidence of early childhood acute respiratory infections (ARIs) has been associated with aspects of the indoor environment. In recent years, public awareness about some of these environmental issues has i...

    Sandar Tin Tin, Alistair Woodward, Rajneeta Saraf, Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Susan M. B. Morton and Cameron C. Grant

    Environmental Health 2016 15:120

    Published on: 8 December 2016

  6. Research

    Long-term outdoor air pollution and DNA methylation in circulating monocytes: results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

    DNA methylation may mediate effects of air pollution on cardiovascular disease. The association between long-term air pollution exposure and DNA methylation in monocytes, which are central to atherosclerosis, ...

    Gloria C. Chi, Yongmei Liu, James W. MacDonald, R. Graham Barr, Kathleen M. Donohue, Mark D. Hensley, Lifang Hou, Charles E. McCall, Lindsay M. Reynolds, David S. Siscovick and Joel D. Kaufman

    Environmental Health 2016 15:119

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  7. Commentary

    Portable air cleaners should be at the forefront of the public health response to landscape fire smoke

    Landscape fires can produce large quantities of smoke that degrade air quality in both remote and urban communities. Smoke from these fires is a complex mixture of fine particulate matter and gases, exposure t...

    Prabjit K. Barn, Catherine T. Elliott, Ryan W. Allen, Tom Kosatsky, Karen Rideout and Sarah B. Henderson

    Environmental Health 2016 15:116

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  8. Research

    A simulation study to quantify the impacts of exposure measurement error on air pollution health risk estimates in copollutant time-series models

    Exposure measurement error in copollutant epidemiologic models has the potential to introduce bias in relative risk (RR) estimates. A simulation study was conducted using empirical data to quantify the impact ...

    Kathie L. Dionisio, Howard H. Chang and Lisa K. Baxter

    Environmental Health 2016 15:114

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  9. Research

    Brominated flame retardants in placental tissues: associations with infant sex and thyroid hormone endpoints

    Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are endocrine disruptors that bioaccumulate in the placenta, but it remains unclear if they disrupt tissue thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism. Our primary goal was to investigat...

    Christopher Leonetti, Craig M. Butt, Kate Hoffman, Stephanie C. Hammel, Marie Lynn Miranda and Heather M. Stapleton

    Environmental Health 2016 15:113

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  10. Research

    Spatiotemporal exposure modeling of ambient erythemal ultraviolet radiation

    Ultraviolet B (UV-B) radiation plays a multifaceted role in human health, inducing DNA damage and representing the primary source of vitamin D for most humans; however, current U.S. UV exposure models are limi...

    Trang VoPham, Jaime E. Hart, Kimberly A. Bertrand, Zhibin Sun, Rulla M. Tamimi and Francine Laden

    Environmental Health 2016 15:111

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  11. Methodology

    A proposed case-control framework to probabilistically classify individual deaths as expected or excess during extreme hot weather events

    Most excess deaths that occur during extreme hot weather events do not have natural heat recorded as an underlying or contributing cause. This study aims to identify the specific individuals who died because o...

    Sarah B. Henderson, Jillian S. Gauld, Stephen A. Rauch, Kathleen E. McLean, Nikolas Krstic, David M. Hondula and Tom Kosatsky

    Environmental Health 2016 15:109

    Published on: 15 November 2016

  12. Methodology

    Exploring the influence of short-term temperature patterns on temperature-related mortality: a case-study of Melbourne, Australia

    Several studies have identified the association between ambient temperature and mortality; however, several features of temperature behavior and their impacts on health remain unresolved.

    John L. Pearce, Madison Hyer, Rob J. Hyndman, Margaret Loughnan, Martine Dennekamp and Neville Nicholls

    Environmental Health 2016 15:107

    Published on: 10 November 2016

  13. Research

    Maternal arsenic exposure and gestational diabetes and glucose intolerance in the New Hampshire birth cohort study

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major pregnancy complication with detrimental effects for both mothers and their children. Accumulating evidence has suggested a potential role for arsenic (As) exposur...

    Shohreh F. Farzan, Anala Gossai, Yu Chen, Lisa Chasan-Taber, Emily Baker and Margaret Karagas

    Environmental Health 2016 15:106

    Published on: 8 November 2016

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