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Table 1 Description of symptoms and activity restrictions

From: Economic evaluation of the benefits of reducing acute cardiorespiratory morbidity associated with air pollution

Type of symptom/activity restriction Description
Upper Respiratory Stuffy or runny nose and sore throat.
Eye Irritation Eye irritation.
Asthma/COPDa Coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath.
Respiratory Infection Coughing or wheezing with fever, chills, aching all over.
Dysrhythmia Fluttering in chest and feeling light-headed
Congestive Heart Failure Shortness of breath, and swelling in ankles and feet.
Myocardial Infarction/Angina Pain in chest or arm.
Mild Limitationsb Can go to work, go to school, do housework, and participate in social or recreational activities, but have some physicial limitations (trouble bending, stooping, or doing vigorous activities because of this health condition).
  Can go to work, go to school, do housework, but have some physical limitations (trouble bending, stooping, or doing vigorous activities), and cannot participate in social or recreational activities because of this health condition.
Housebound Cannot leave house, go to work, go to school, do housework, participate in social or recreational activities, and have some physical limitations (trouble bending, stooping, or doing vigorous activities) because of this health condition, but can care for self.
Help caring for Self Cannot leave house, go to work, go to school, do housework, participate in social or recreational activities, and need help caring for self (feeding, bathing, dressing, toilet).
In Hospital In hospital and need help caring for self (feeding, bathing, dressing, toilet)
  1. achronic obstructive pulmonary disease bcollapsed into a single level corresponding to mild restrictions, for the purposes of the final model used to generate WTP estimates.