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Table 9 Standardised probit regression parameters, decomposed to direct and indirect effects, United States, 2008

From: Climate change and climate variability: personal motivation for adaptation and mitigation

   Mitigation Emergency Kit Emergency Plan Susceptibility Severity Benefits Barriers
Severity Direct 0.479** 0.105 0.068     
Susceptibility Direct      0.728**   
  Indirect via Severity 0.349* 0.100* 0.050     
Benefits Direct 0.204* 0.108* 0.011     
  Indirect via Severity        
Barriers Direct 0.322** 0.213* 0.160*     
  Indirect via Severity        
Cues to Action Direct -0.018** 0.217 0.227   -0.140*   
  Indirect via Severity -0.067 -0.023 -0.01     
Self Efficacy Direct -0.12 -0.053 0.069     
Age Direct     0.078 -0.022 -0.036 -0.022
  Indirect Total 0.002 -0.003 -0.002     
  Indirect via Severity -0.01 -0.004 -0.001     
  Indirect via Benefits -0.007 -0.004 0     
  Indirect via Barriers -0.007 -0.005 -0.004     
  Indirect via Susceptibility & Severity 0.027 0.009 0.004     
Gender Direct 0.146* -0.165* -0.101* 0.018 0.063 0.004 -0.016
  Indirect Total 0.032 0.01 0.003     
  Indirect via Severity 0.03 0.01 0.004     
  Indirect via Benefits 0.001 0 0     
  Indirect via Barriers -0.005 -0.003 -0.003     
  Indirect via Susceptibility & Severity 0.006 0.002 0.001     
Income Direct     -0.055 -0.11 0.025 -0.011
  Indirect Total -0.07 -0.024 -0.012     
  Indirect via Severity -0.053 -0.018 -0.007     
  Indirect via Benefits 0.005 0.003 0     
  Indirect via Barriers -0.003 -0.002 -0.002     
  Indirect via Suceptibility & Severity -0.019 -0.007 -0.003     
Education Direct     0.029 -0.005 -0.127 0.064
  Indirect Total 0.003 0.003 0.01     
  Indirect via Severity -0.002 -0.001 0     
  Indirect via Benefits -0.026 -0.014 -0.001     
  Indirect via Barriers 0.021 0.014 0.010     
  Indirect via Suceptibility & Severity 0.01 0.004 0.001     
Housing Tenure Direct     -0.015 -0.035 0.047 -0.011
  Indirect Total -0.016 -0.005 -0.004     
  Indirect via Severity -0.017 -0.006 -0.002     
  Indirect via Benefits 0.01 0.005 0.001     
  Indirect via Barriers -0.004 -0.002 -0.002     
  Indirect via Suceptibility & Severity -0.005 -0.002 -0.001     
Employment Direct     0.028 -0.119 0.164 -0.04
  Indirect Total -0.027 -0.007 -0.011     
  Indirect via Severity -0.057 -0.02 -0.008     
  Indirect via Benefits 0.033 0.018 0.002     
  Indirect via Barriers -0.013 -0.008 -0.006     
  Indirect via Suceptibility & Severity 0.01 0.003 0.001     
Retired Direct     -0.056 0.16 -0.105 -0.015
  Indirect Total 0.031 0.005 0.005     
  Indirect via Severity 0.077 0.026 0.011     
  Indirect via Benefits -0.021 -0.011 -0.001     
  Indirect via Barriers -0.005 -0.003 -0.002     
  Indirect via Suceptibility & Severity -0.02 -0.007 -0.003     
Race Direct     0.191 -0.082 0.117 0.021
  Indirect Total 0.093 0.039 0.014     
  Indirect via Severity -0.039 -0.013 -0.006     
  Indirect via Benefits 0.024 0.013 0.001     
  Indirect via Barriers 0.007 0.005 0.003     
  Indirect via Suceptibility & Severity 0.102 0.035 0.014     
  1. *p < 0.005
  2. ** p < 0.001
  3. Underlined parameters are derived from the refined path analysis