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Table 3 Observed deaths, SMRs with 95% CI and p-values, stratified by gender and cancer type; Oinofita vs. Voiotia

From: Oral ingestion of hexavalent chromium through drinking water and cancer mortality in an industrial area of Greece - An ecological study

   TOTAL MALE FEMALE
Cause of death ICD-9 range Obs. SMR 95% CI p-value Obs. SMR 95% CI p-value Obs. SMR 95% CI p-value
Total deaths   474 97.9 89.3 107.1 0.661 267 108.0 95.5 121.8 0.219 207 87.3 75.8 100.0 0.502
Cancer deaths 140-208 118 113.6 94.1 136.1 0.184 76 113.6 89.5 142.2 0.293 42 113.7 81.9 153.6 0.447
Lip, oral cavity and pharynx 140-149 3 344.1 71.0 1005.7 0.117 3 468.7* 96.6 1369.6 0.055      
Stomach 151 6 120.9 44.4 263.2 0.755 4 115.6 31.5 296.1 0.909 2 133.1 16.1 480.8 0.886
Colon 153 6 83.5 30.6 181.7 0.844 1 27.7 0.7 154.3 0.249 5 139.8 45.4 326.2 0.578
Liver primary 155.0 6 1104.2** 405.2 2403.3 <0.001 4 811.7** 221.2 2078.3 0.003 2 3952.3** 478.6 14277.0 0.002
Pancreas 157 6 85.0 31.2 185.0 0.882 4 87.9 24.0 225.1 1.000 2 79.7 9.7 288.0 1.000
Gallbladder and other digestive organs and peritoneum 155.1, 155.2, 156, 158-159 4 41.6 11.3 106.5 0.075 2 32.3 3.9 116.7 0.108 2 58.3 7.1 210.8 0.669
Lung, trachea and bronchus 162 34 145.1** 100.5 202.8 0.047 29 141.9* 95.0 203.8 0.086 5 166.7 54.1 389.1 0.369
Other respiratory system and intrathoracic organs 160, 163-165 2 445.1 53.9 1608.0 0.150 2 693.3* 84.0 2504.3 0.069      
Bone and articular cartilage 170 1 128.6 3.3 716.7 1.000 1 193.0 4.9 1075.4 0.809      
Malignant melanoma of skin 172 1 143.6 3.6 800.1 1.000 1 214.9 5.4 1197.2 0.744      
Female breast 174 9 133.6 61.1 253.5 0.475       9 133.6 61.1 253.5 0.475
Cervix uteri 180 1 412.1 10.4 2296.1 0.431       1 412.1 10.4 2296.1 0.431
Prostate 185 7 127.9 51.4 263.5 0.620 7 127.9 51.4 263.5 0.620      
Testis 186 1 2141.5* 54.2 11931.5 0.091 1 2141.5* 54.2 11931.5 0.091      
Bladder 188 3 82.1 16.9 240.1 1.000 2 65.4 7.9 236.3 0.821 1 168.3 4.3 937.8 0.896
Kidney and other genitourinary organs 184, 187, 189 6 203.5 74.7 442.9 0.158 1 62.9 1.6 350.6 1.000 5 367.8** 119.4 858.3 0.025
Brain 191 4 89.4 24.4 229.0 1.000 3 107.2 22.1 313.3 1.000 1 59.8 1.5 332.9 1.000
Other and unspecified malignant neoplasm 190, 192-199 9 88.0 40.2 167.0 0.859 4 71.1 19.4 182.1 0.677 5 108.5 35.2 253.3 0.976
Leukaemias 204-208 7 167.6 67.4 345.4 0.260 5 172.8 56.1 403.4 0.334 2 155.8 18.9 562.9 0.735
Other lymphoid and hematopoietic tissue 200, 202-203 2 82.2 10.0 297.1 1.000 2 182.8 22.1 660.2 0.598      
  1. Notes: * Statistically significant at 10% level. ** Statistically significant at 5% level. Types of cancer are classified according to the Hellenic Statistical Authority [17].