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Table 6 The history and consequences toxic events of dinoflagellate PSP toxin seafood poisoning within the UK from 1969-2007

From: Toxic marine microalgae and shellfish poisoning in the British isles: history, review of epidemiology, and future implications

Year Event Reference
1969 Toxins monitored up to 15 miles offshore on the East Coast of UK. Caused illness to 78 humans and was responsible for the death of numerous birds and marine mammals. Species responsible: Alexandrium tamarense. [2, 2527]
1990 On the NE English coast in May high levels of toxins detected in mussels and scallops. Commercial fisheries were closed. [25]
2000 TPO was placed in Falmouth in July, as PSP was above action limit. Species responsible was Alexandrium. [56]
2000-2001 In Scotland, toxins detected throughout the year in aquaculture sites along the west coast, and in scallop fisheries grounds in Orkney and East coast Scotland. Led to restrictions in Fishing. [66]
2001 Toxins found in scallops in the sea adjacent to Northern Ireland. Led to a ban on scallop fishing. [66]
2002 Warning notices and VCA were places in Salcombe estuary, Devon, from July to November, and Holy Island, Northumberland, in May, when cockles and mussels returned positive results. [58]
2002 Loch Eishort, in Skye and Lock Hourn, were closed in June and July where toxins were detected in mainly mussels. [67]
2002-2003 PSP was detected in scallops in Orkney, Morary Firth, and the North Minch from May to September. Fisheries closures were implemented. [67]
2005 Mussels from Pont Pill, Fowey found PSP toxins above the regularity limit. The site was subjected to temporary harvesting restrictions. [60]
2006-2007 Toxins were detected in Two areas of the Fal, Cornwall. Temporary harvest restrictions in June and July. [61]
  1. (TPO = Temporary Prohibition Order. VCA = Voluntary Closure Agreement).