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Table 3 Perceptions of changes in frequency of disease occurrence attributable to climate variability by sex (N = 450, male 238, female 212)

From: Households' perception of climate change and human health risks: A community perspective

Climate Change and Disease Perceptions Sex Total
   Male Female   
   Frequency % Frequency % Frequency %
What is your overall perception about diseases due to climate variability in your locality?
Χ 2 . p < 0.280; N = 450
Increased 196 43.6 165 36.1 362 80.2
  Decreased 26 5.8 34 7.6 60 13.3
  No change 16 3.6 13 2.9 28 6.2
  Total 238 52.9 212 47.1 450 100
What is the present frequency of diseases during summer compared to five to ten years earlier?
Χ 2 . p < 0.036; N = 450
Very Low 1 0.2 0 0.0 1 0.2
  Low 25 5.6 36 8.0 61 13.6
  Normal 17 3.8 11 2.4 28 6.2
  High 184 40.9 163 76.9 347 77.1
  Very high 11 2.4 2 0.4 13 2.9
  Total 238 52.9 212 47.1 450 100
What is the present frequency of disease during winter in comparison to five to ten years ago?
Χ 2 . p < 0.005; N = 450
Very low 4 0.9 1 0.2 5 1.1
  Low 31 6.9 54 12.0 85 18.9
  Normal 19 4.2 10 2.2 29 6.4
  High 180 40.0 146 32.4 226 72.4
  Very high 4 0.9 1 0.2 5 1.1
  Total 238 52.9 212 47.1 450 100
What is the present frequency of disease during rainy season in comparison to five to ten years ago?
Χ 2 . p < 0.000; N = 450
Very low 23 5.1 1 0.2 24 5.3
  Low 31 6.9 99 22.1 130 29.0
  Normal 34 7.6 10 2.2 43 9.6
  High 144 32.0 102 22.8 245 55.0
  Very high 6 1.3 0 0.0 6 1.3
  Total 238 52.9 212 47.1 450 100