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Table 4 Odds Ratio (95% CI) for CVD associated with household solid fuel use, stratified by age, gender and smoking status

From: In-home solid fuel use and cardiovascular disease: a cross-sectional analysis of the Shanghai Putuo study

  Hypertension CHD Stroke Diabetes
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Agea     
   < 40 1.24 (0.71 to 2.18) NCd NCd 0.64 (0.14 to 2.98)
   ≥ 40 1.34 (1.09 to 1.66) 1.86 (1.11 to 3.12) 1.42 (0.71 to 2.84) 2.01 (1.25 to 3.21)
   P for interaction 0.34 0.95 0.99 0.44
Genderb     
   Male 1.54 (1.20 to 1.99) 1.99 (0.95 to 4.19) 1.70 (0.66 to 4.35) 2.41 (1.31 to 4.42)
   Female 2.00 (1.48 to 2.71) 3.15 (1.53 to 6.51) 1.48 (0.53 to 4.14) 2.53 (1.31 to 4.86)
   P for interaction 0.02 0.32 0.97 0.52
Smoking statusc     
   Ever (former and current) 1.39 (0.99 to 1.94) 1.10 (0.49 to 2.47) 1.11 (0.38 to 3.27) 3.16 (1.27 to 7.87)
   Never 1.84 (1.45 to 2.33) 3.65 (1.85 to 7.22) 1.96 (0.78 to 4.89) 2.21 (1.32 to 3.68)
   P for interaction 0.02 0.02 0.51 0.72
  1. a Adjusted for age, gender, education level (less than high school, high school, above college or more), smoking (current, former, never), SHS (ever and never), pack-years, BMI ( < 18.5, 18.5-24.9, ≥ 25.0), and waist circumference.
  2. b Adjusted for age, education level (less than high school, high school, above college or more), smoking (current, former, never), SHS (ever and never), pack-years, BMI ( < 18.5, 18.5-24.9, ≥ 25.0), and waist circumference.
  3. c Adjusted for age, gender, education level (less than high school, high school, above college or more), SHS (ever and never), pack-years, BMI ( < 18.5, 18.5-24.9, ≥ 25.0), and waist circumference.
  4. dORs and 95%CIs are not estimated due to small number of cases [number of cases for CHD (n = 8) and for stroke (n = 0), respectively].