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Table 1 Basic characteristics of subjects

From: Serum concentrations of phthalate metabolites are related to abdominal fat distribution two years later in elderly women

  Women Men
Variable N Mean (SD) Median (25th and 75th percentile) N Mean (SD) Median (25th and 75th percentile)
BMI (kg/m2) 509 27.1 (4.9) 26.5 (23.7, 30.1) 507 27 (3.7) 26.8 (24.4, 29.1)
Waist (cm) 503 87.6 (11.6) 87.0 (79.0, 94.0) 501 94.7 (10.4) 94.0 (87.0, 101.0)
Waist/hip ratio 503 0.90 (0.10) 0.90 (0.80, 0.90) 501 0.90 (0.10) 0.9 (0.9, 1.0)
DXA total fat (kg) 459 27.7 (9.2) 27.1 (21.1, 33.7) 431 23.5 (8.2) 22.5 (17.6, 28.4)
DXA leg fat (kg) 459 9.7 (3.4) 9.4 (7.2, 11.8) 431 6.3 (2.6) 5.9 (4.7, 7.5)
DXA trunk fat (kg) 459 13.9 (5.0) 13.8 (10.2, 17.4) 431 14.1 (5.1) 13.8 (10.5, 17.5)
DXA trunk/leg ratio 459 1.5 (0.4) 1.4 (1.2, 1.7) 431 2.3 (0.6) 2.3 (1.9, 2.6)
MRI SAT (cm2) 139 262.1 (108.9) 257.4 (190.9, 313.9) 148 189.0 (80.3) 172.8 (131.3, 231.7)
MRI VAT (cm2) 139 94.3 (49.1) 87.5 (58.5, 119.2) 148 119.3 (63.0) 102.4 (79.2, 151.9)
MRI VAT/SAT ratio 139 0.4 (0.2) 0.3 (0.2, 0.5) 148 0.6 (0.3) 0.6 (0.5, 0.8)
MEHP (ng/ml) 502 18.9 (42.5) 4.7 (2.0, 14.5) 501 20.3 (45.0) 4.3 (2.1, 17.4)
MEP (ng/ml) 502 14.0 (10.3) 11.6 (7.2, 16.8) 501 18.0 (21.1) 11.6 (7.2, 18.5)
MiBP (ng(ml) 502 44.6 (116) 13.4 (9.5, 24.5) 501 53.6 (146.1) 13.5 (9.1, 33.3)
MMP (ng/ml) 502 3.4 (5.1) 1.5 (0.9, 3.0) 501 3.3 (4.5) 1.5 (0.8, 3.2)
Current smoking (%) 509 11.4   506 9.9  
Serum cholesterol (mmol/l) 507 5.7 (1.0) 5.7 (5.0, 6.3) 506 5.1 (1.0) 5.1 (4.5, 5.8)
Serum triglycerides (mmol/l) 508 1.3 (0.6) 1.1 (0.9, 1.5) 505 1.3 (0.6) 1.2 (0.9, 1.5)
  1. Mean (SD) and median (25th and 75th percentile) given for the studied variables in women and men. The DXA and MRI measurements were performed two year following the measurements of phthalate metabolites and other measurements presented in the table
  2. BMI-Body mass index; DXA-Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; MEHP-Mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate; MEP-Mono-ethyl phthalate; MiBP-Mono-isobutyl phthalate; MMP-Mono-methyl phthalate; MRI-Magnetic resonance imaging; SAT-Subcutaneous adipose tissue; VAT-Visceral adipose tissue