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Table 2 Distribution of characteristics of the study population by diabetes status (n=1004)

From: Association between type 2 diabetes and chronic arsenic exposure in drinking water: A cross sectional study in Bangladesh

Characteristics Diabetes (n = 89) No Diabetes (n = 915)
Men (n, %) 41 (12.9) 276 (87.1)
Age (in years, mean ±sd) 47.3 ± 13.3 44.6 ± 13.2
Education (n, %)
  No formal education 55 (61.8) 639 (69.8)
  Primary 19 (21.3) 167 (18.3)
  >Primary 15 (16.9) 109 (11.9)
Occupation (n, %)
  Agriculture 19 (21.3) 113 (12.4)
  Daily labourer 4 (4.5) 47 (5.1)
  Housewife 47 (52.9) 628 (68.6)
  Others 19 (21.3) 127 (13.9)
Marital status (n, %)
  Currently married 80 (89.9) 782 (85.5)
  Widowed 8 (9.0) 119 (13.0)
  Divorced 0 (0.0) 4 (0.4)
  Never married 1 (1.1) 10 (1.1)
Religion
  Islam 77 (86.5) 689 (75.3)
  Hindu 12 (13.5) 77 (24.7)
Total monthly household income (US$)*
  mean + SD 74 ± 77 69 ± 65.6
  Median 51.5 51.5
Roof type* (n, %)   
  Tin 79 (88.8) 805 (88.0)
  Others 10 (11.2) 109 (12.0)
Body Mass Index (BMI); mean + SD 19.8 + 3.4 20.3 + 4.6
Smoking status* (n, %)
  Current smokers 17 (20.0) 119 (13.7)
  Ex smokers 6 (7.1) 29 (3.3)
  Never smoked 62 (72.9) 722 (83.0))
Duration of smoking (years)*; mean + SD
  Current smokers 22.5 ± 11.9 22.5 ± 13.2
  Ex smokers 18.3 ± 10.8 19.3 ± 10.5
Family history of Type 2
Diabetes (n, %)
  Yes 1 (1.1) 46 (5.0)
  No 88 (98.9) 869 (95.0)
  1. * Data were missing for the following variables: Total monthly household income (1 for cases and 9 for non cases), roof type (1 for non cases), smoking status (4 for cases and 45 for non-cases) and duration of smoking (2 for ex smokers).