Skip to main content

Table 3 Relevance of health effects for Dutch climate adaptation policy

From: Health risks of climate change: An assessment of uncertainties and its implications for adaptation policies

Effect: Relevancea Pointsb Classc
   1 2 3 4 5   
1 Temperature: Heat-related mortality 6 2 1    41 IV
2 Temperature: Heat-related cardiovascular problems 1   2    11 III
3 Temperature: Heat-related respiratory problems 1 1   1   11 III
4 Temperature: Heat-related stress and sleep disturbance 1      5 II
5 Temperature: Cold-related mortality        I
6 Temperature: Cold-related diseases        I
7 Temperature: Drought-related exposure to contaminants        I
8 Temperature: Shortages of drinking water      1 1 II
9 Temperature: Dehydration   2     8 II
10 Allergies: Asthma    1   1 4 II
11 Allergies: Allergic eczema        I
12 Allergies: Hay fever: duration of pollen season   2   1 2 12 III
13 Allergies: Hay fever: pollen types, abundance and allergenicity   2 1    11 III
14 Pests: Wasps        I
15 Pests: Oak processionary caterpillar   1     4 II
16 Vector-borne: Native vector-borne diseases 1 1    1 10 II
17 Vector-borne: Incidents of non-native vector-borne diseases 1 2 2 1   21 IV
18 Vector-borne: Epidemics of non-native vector-borne diseases 2    2   14 III
19 Food/water-borne: Food poisoning     1   2 II
20 Food/water-borne: Legionnaires Disease      1 1 II
21 Food/water-borne: Contamination of swimming/recreation water     1 2 4 II
22 Air quality: Respiratory problems due to ground-level ozone    1 2   7 II
23 Air quality: Respiratory problems due to particulate matter        I
24 Air quality: Air quality-related cardiovascular problems     1 1 3 II
25 Flood/storm: Flood-related mortality 1   1 1   10 II
26 Flood/storm: Flood-related infectious diseases        I
27 Flood/storm: Flood-related exposure to dangerous substances and contaminants    1    3 II
28 Flood/storm: Flood-related respiratory problems        I
29 Flood/storm: Flood-related mental health problems   1    2 6 II
30 Flood/storm: Storm-related mortality and injury        I
31 UV: Cataract        I
32 UV: Skin cancer    2    6 II
33 UV: Weakening of the immune system        I
34 OTHER: societal disruption elsewhere 1      5 II
  1. aThe number of times an effect has been selected as 1st, 2nd, etc. most important by the participants. bThe point total, where every score of 1st is 5 points, 2nd is 4 points, etc. cThe ‘Relevance Class’ resulting from the Points is indicated as: I: 0 points, II: 1–10 points, III: 11–20 points, IV: ≥21 points.