Skip to main content

Table 3 The prevalence rates and odds ratios for trust and incivility dimensions of high school students in relation to the independent variables

From: Adolescents’ risk perceptions on mobile phones and their base stations, their trust to authorities and incivility in using mobile phones: a cross-sectional survey on 2240 high school students in Izmir, Turkey

   Trust    Incivility  
  High risk perception (%) Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted# odds ratio (95% CI) High risk perception (%) Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted# odds ratio (95% CI)
Sex
Female 63.5 0.82 (0.66–0.97)* 0.74 (0.58–0.95)* 44.0 1.40 (1.14–1.72)* 1.44 (1.14–1.82)*
Male (ref) 67.9 1.00 1.00 35.9 1.00 1.00
Grade
11–12 69.7 1.34 (1.07–1.67)* 1.45 (1.15–1.84)* 40.6 1.05 (0.85–1.30) -
9–10 (ref) 63.2 1.00 1.00 39.4 1.00 -
Income per capita
Lowest (0–200 TL) 63.6 0.67 (0.49–0.92)* 1.19 (0.76–1.87) 46.4 1.66 (1.22–2.24)* 0.80 (0.51–1.23)
Lowest middle (201–400 TL) 60.8 0.60 (0.44–0.80)* 0.90 (0.60–1.40) 41.0 1.34 (1.00–1.79)* 0.77 (0.51–1.15)
Upper middle (401–600 TL) 73.2 1.05 (0.71–1.56) 1.40 (0.90–2.18) 32.4 0.92 (0.64–1.34) 0.67 (0.44–1.03)
Highest (601 TL +) (ref) 72.3 1.00 1.00 34.2 1.00 1.00
Social class
Blue collar/Unemployed 60.9 0.59 (0.45–0.78)** 0.76 (0.54–1.07) 43.1 1.48 (1.14–1.94)* 1.18 (0.73–1.90)
Self Employed 66.8 0.76 (0.54–1.07) 0.84 (0.50–1.40) 39.8 1.29 (0.82–2.05) 0.99 (0.69–1.41)
Employer 68.1 0.81 (0.49–1.32) 0.89 (0.62–1.29) 38.3 1.21 (0.88–1.68) 1.04 (0.75–1.44)
White collar/Manager(ref) 72.5 1.00 1.00 33.8 1.00 1.00
Mother’s Education
Illiterate/Only literate 65.6 0.64 (0.38–1.07) 0.88 (0.40–1.54) 46.7 2.34 (1.41–3.86)** 1.79 (1.04–2.75)*
Primary (5 years) 62.4 0.55 (0.39–0.78)* 0.83 (0.50–1.37) 44.9 2.17 (1.56–3.02)** 1.69 (0.93–2.46)
Secondary (8 years) 62.5 0.56 (0.38–0.82)* 0.84 (0.50–1.41) 39.5 1.74 (1.19–2.54)* 1.38 (0.84–2.29)
High school (11 years) 68.4 0.72 (0.49–1.06) 0.92 (0.58–1.47) 37.9 1.62 (1.12–2.36)* 1.44 (0.92–2.25)
University (13+ years) (ref) 75.0 1.00 1.00 27.3 1.00 1.00
School Type
Trade high school 61.7 0.55 (0.39–0.79)* 0.69 (0.44–1.09) 44.3 1.85 (1.31–2.61)** 1.49 (0.91–2.37)
Technical high school for girls 64.7 0.63 (0.43–0.94) 0.85 (0.53–1.38) 46.8 2.05 (1.41–2.99)** 1.57 (0.99–2.48)
Standard high school 65.8 0.66 (0.49–0.90) 0.86 (0.59–1.26) 43.1 1.76 (1.31–2.37)** 1.46 (0.89–2.22)
Industrial technical high school 59.9 0.49 (0.37–0.67)** 0.57 (0.38–0.85)* 42.0 1.68 (1.25–2.26)** 1.47 (0.89–2.23)
Anatolian/Science/Private high school (ref) 74.4 1.00 1.00 30.1 1.00 1.00
Mobile phone utilization
No 61.3 0.81 (0.56–1.19) - 60.2 2.43 (1.67–3.54)** 2.50 (1.62–3.87)**
Yes (ref) 66.0 1.00 - 38.3 1.00 1.00
  1. #: adjusted for all variables present in the table for that outcome variable *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.001.
  2. –: variables that were not found significant in univariate analysis so not included in the model.