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Table 4 Aneuploidy Mean ± SD by detection of pyrethroid metabolite levels (n = 75)

From: Environmental exposure to pyrethroids and sperm sex chromosome disomy: a cross-sectional study

  %XX18 %YY18 %XY18 %1818 Total disomy %
3PBA      
≤LOD (n = 33) 0.44 ± 0.31 0.32 ± 0.81 1.14 ± 0.81 0.05 ± .0.03 1.90 ± 1.04
>LOD (n = 42) 0.49 ± 0.60 0.40 ± 0.37 1.04 ± 0.72 0.04 ± 0.03 1.93 ± 1.28
CDCCA      
≤LOD (n = 53) 0.46 ± 0.49 0.38 ± 0.33 1.05 ± 0.80 0.05 ± 0.03 1.88 ± 1.23
>LOD (n = 22) 0.50 ± 0.51 0.33 ± 0.23 1.18 ± 0.67 0.03 ± 0.03 2.00 ± 1.05
TDCCA      
≤LOD (n = 56) 0.44 ± 0.48 0.37 ± 0.33 1.05 ± 0.80 0.05 ± 0.03 1.85 ± 1.23
>LOD (n = 19) 0.56 ± 0.52 0.35 ± 0.23 1.20 ± 0.62 0.04 ± 0.03 2.11 ± 1.00
  1. SD = Standard deviation.
  2. LOD = Limit of detection.
  3. 3PBA = 3-phenoxybenzoic acid; LOD = 0.10 μg/L.
  4. CDCCA = cis-dichlorovinyl-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid; LOD = 0.23 μg/L.
  5. TDCCA = trans-dichlorovinyl-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid; LOD = 0.35 μg/L.