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Table 5 Age and sex stratified frequencies and logistic regression model results a

From: Blood cadmium is elevated in iron deficient U.S. children: a cross-sectional study

   ID   Low SF   High FEP   Low TSAT  
Stratification group N N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI)
Girls 3–11 yrs 945 41 (4.3%) 1.62 (0.83-3.20) 44 (4.7%) 2.03 (1.08-3.83) 92 (9.7%) 1.31 (0.81-2.13) 167 (17.7%) 0.93 (0.62-1.39)
Boys 3–11 yrs 1022 36 (3.5%) 0.97 (0.45-2.09) 45 (4.4%) 1.19 (0.62-2.31) 78 (7.6%) 0.93 (0.55-1.60) 182 (17.8%) 1.25 (0.87-1.78)
Girls 12–15 yrs 859 97 (11.3%) 2.13 (1.39-3.26) 119 (13.9%) 2.63 (1.77-3.89) 136 (15.8%) 1.29 (0.89-1.88) 194 (22.6%) 1.46 (1.05-2.03)
Boys 12–15 yrs 836 38 (4.6%) 2.35 (1.21-4.58) 43 (5.1%) 2.62 (1.39-4.93) 65 (7.8%) 0.92 (0.54-1.54) 102 (12.2%) 1.19 (0.78-1.81)
Girls 16–19 yrs 698 145 (20.8%) 2.36 (1.58-3.63) 161 (23.1%) 3.12 (2.08-4.68) 155 (22.2%) 1.62 (1.11-2.35) 208 (29.8%) 1.55 (1.10-2.16)
Boys 16–19 yrs 864 8 (0.9%) b 10 (1.2%) 1.7 (0.44-6.62) 37 (4.3%) 0.95 (0.49-1.84) 67 (7.8%) 1.65 (0.96-2.81)
  1. aUnadjusted odds of ID, low SF, high FEP, and low TSAT for children with blood Cd ≥ LOD versus blood Cd < LOD.
  2. bModel did not converge.