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Table 1 Annual numbers of births and numbers exceeding three cut-off limits, as indicated by hair-mercury analyses (in μg / g) in population samples in European countries

From: Economic benefits of methylmercury exposure control in Europe: Monetary value of neurotoxicity prevention

Countrya Annual number of births (2008) Number of samplesb Above 0.58 μg/g Above 1.0 μg/g Above 2.5 μg/g
    Proportion in sample (%) Estimated number of births Proportion in sample (%) Estimated number of births Proportion in sample (%) Estimated number of births
Austria 77,800 NA (6.7) 5,213 (0.8) 622 (0) 0
Belgium 127,200 129 28.7 36,506 9.3 11,830 0 0
242c 23.2 29,510 7.2 9,158 0
Bulgaria 77,700 NA (4.2) 3,263 (1.2) 932 (0.8) 622
Croatia 43,800 234d 52.0 22,776 22.0 9,636 4.7 2,059
Cyprus 9,200 60 36.7 3,376 18.3 1,684 3.3 304
Czech Republic 119,600 120 5.0 5,980 0.8 957 0 0
Denmark 65,000 145 36.6 23,790 13.1 8515 0.7 455
Estonia 16,000 NA (10.0) 1,600 (2.0) 320 (0) 0
Faroe Islands 675 505e 62.6 423 30.2 204 5.3 36
Finland 59,500 NA (10.0) 5,950 (2.0) 1,190 (0) 0
France 829,300 126f 44.0 364,892 14.51 120,331 0.61 5,059
Germany 682,500 120 6.7 45,728 0.8 5,460 0 0
Greece 118,300 454d 78 92,274 57 67,431 14 16,562
Hungary 99,100 120 0.83 823 0 0 0 0
Ireland 74,000 120 10.8 7,992 2.5 1,850 0 0
Italy 576,700 891d + 115g (65.6) 378,315 (36.8) 212,226 (5.7) 32,872
Latvia 23,834 NA (10.0) 2,383 (2.0) 477 (0) 0
Lithuania 35,100 NA (10.0) 3,510 (2.0) 702 (0) 0
Luxembourg 5,600 55 32.7 1,831 18.2 1,019 0 0
Malta 4,100 NA (65.6) 2,690 (36.8) 1,509 (5.7) 234
Netherlands 184,600 NA (23.2) 42,827 (7.2) 13,291 (0) 0
Norway 60,500 119h 27.7 16,759 5.9 3,570 0 0
Poland 414,500 120 1.7 7047 0 0 0 0
Portugal 104,600 120 90.8 94,977 57.5 60,145 8.3 8,682
Romania 221,900 120 4.2 9,320 1.2 2,663 0.8 1,775
Slovakia 57,400 129 5.43 3,117 0.8 459 0 0
Slovenia 21,800 156 22.0 4,796 7.7 1,679 1.9 414
Spain 519,800 120 88.5 460,023 74.2 385,692 31.7 164,777
Sweden 109,300 100 10.0 10,930 2.0 2,186 0 0
Switzerland 76,700 120 5.0 3,835 2.1 1,611 0 0
United Kingdom 794,400 4134h 31.0 246,264 5.1 40,200 0 0
Total EU (27) 5,400,000    1,865,416   903,169   231,754
  1. Exposures in EU countries without recent data are estimated from neighbouring countries (modelled results not based on observed distributions are given in parenthesis).
  2. a For countries without available exposure data (for number of samples, NA denotes not available), data from a neighbouring country have been applied to allow EU-wide estimates, and frequencies are given in parenthesis. This applies to Austria (data from Germany were used), Bulgaria (Romania), Netherlands (Flanders[30]), and Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Lithuania (Sweden); b All data are from DEMOCOPHES, unless otherwise noted; c[30]; d[32]; e Pal Weihe, unpublished data; f[31]; g[33]; h Jean Golding, pers.comm.