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Table 6 Summary of the studies on air pollution and mortality from all respiratory disease (excess risk per 10 μg/m 3 )

From: Long-term air pollution exposure and cardio- respiratory mortality: a review

Study Name Pollutant Conca(μg/m3) Spatial scaleb % change in risk (95% CI) in mortality per 10 μg/m3 References
AHSMOG PM10 51 (17) Address (Inter) 6 (−1, 15) [40]
ACS study PM2.5 17 (5) City −8 (−14, -2) [39]
Oslo cohort NOx 11 (1 – 168) Address (DISP) 16 (6, 26) [68]
Harvard six cities PM2.5 15 (10–22) City 8 (−21, 49) [14]
Netherlands Cohort Study PM2.5 28 (23–37) Address (LUR) 7 (−25, 52) [23]
Netherlands Cohort Study NO2 37 (15–67) Address (LUR) 12 (0, 26) [23]
California Teachers study PM2.5 18 (7–39) Address (near) 3 (−20, 34) [27]
China national. hypertension survey NOx 50 (20 – 122) City 3 (0, 6) [31]
China national. hypertension survey TSP 289 (113 – 499) City 0.3 (−1,1) [31]
US truckers study PM2.5 14 (4) Address (near) 20 (−9, 60) [32]
US truckers study NO2 28 (14) Address (LUR) 15 (1,31) [32]
California Teachers study PM2.5 16 (3–28) Address (Inter) 21 (−3, 52) [36]
New Zealand Census study PM10 8 (0 – 19) Census tract (Disp) 14 (5, 23) [35]
Shenyang cohort study PM10 154 (78 – 274) District (mean) 67 (60, 74) [59]
Shenyang cohort study NO2 46 (18–78) District (mean) 197 (169, 227) [59]
Shizuoka elderly cohort NO2 25 (−19, 75) Address (LUR) 19 (2, 38) [70]
Two Scotch cohorts BS 19 LUR + temporal 11 (−3, 28) [67]
Rome longitudinal study PM2.5 23 (7 – 32) Address (DISP, 1 km grid) 3 (−3, 8) [38]
  1. a Mean with minimum – maximum in parentheses (μg/m3). One number in parentheses is standard deviation.
  2. b Spatial scale of exposure assignment, in parentheses exposure assignment method. City = average of monitors within the city; Near = nearest monitor concentration; LUR = land use regression; Disp = dispersion modeling; Inter = interpolation.
  3. Studies adjusted for individual smoking except references [26, 28, 30, 34, 38, 56].