Skip to main content

Table 4 Comparison of reported 24 hour household area concentrations of PM 2.5 across studies from various WHO regions

From: State and national household concentrations of PM2.5 from solid cookfuel use: Results from measurements and modeling in India for estimation of the global burden of disease

WHO region Country Primary author Year N Reported 24 hr kitchen area concentrations (μg/m3) N Reported 24 hr living area concentrations (μg/m3)
      AM (SD) GM (95% CI)   AM (SD)
AFRICA Ghana Zhou 2011 42   60 (53–68)   
AFRICA The Gambia Dionisio 2008 13 361 (312)    
AFRICA Pennise Ghana 2009 36 650 (490)    
AFRICA Pennise Ethiopia 2009 33 1250 (1280)    
AMERICAS Costa Rica Park 2003 14 37 (33)    
AMERICAS Costa Rica Park 2003 7 58 (22)    
AMERICAS Guatemala Naeher 2000 9 527 (248)    
AMERICAS Guatemala Naeher 2001 17 868 (520)    
AMERICAS Guatemala McCracken 1999 15 1102    
AMERICAS Mexico Zuk 2006 36 693 (339) 616   
AMERICAS Nicaragua Clark 2011 115 1354 (1275) 913   
AMERICAS Guatemala Northcross 2010 138 900 (700)    
AMERICAS Mexico Masera 2007 33 1020 910   
EMR Pakistan Colbeck 2010 14 1169 (1489)   7 603 (421)
SEAR Tibet Gao 2009 30 178 (192)   21 103 (85–121)
SEAR India Dutta 2007 21 950 (1210)    
SEAR India Chengappa 2007 30 520 (750)    
WPR China Baumgartner 2011    107 (74–154)