Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Adjusted posterior estimates of % change in mean parasympathetic tone associated with an IQR a increase in traffic, by patient characteristics [diabetic status (doctor’s diagnosis of diabetes or fasting blood glucose (FBG) >126 mg/dL, vs. no diagnosis or FBG ≤126 mg/dL), and obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30, <30)]

From: Structural equation modeling of parasympathetic and sympathetic response to traffic air pollution in a repeated measures study

S T R U C T U R A L E Q U A T I O N M O D E L
Effect modifier Moving average % change in mean 95% PI Posterior probabilityb Effect modifier Moving average % change in mean 95% PI Posterior probabilityb
Diabetic 4-hr −22.1 (−50.9, 22.7) 0.86 Diabetic 4-hr −23.2 (−60.0, 51.1) 0.78
  24-hr −41.9 (−66.3, -0.4) 0.98 Obese 24-hr −42.1 (−72.5, 18.5) 0.93
  48-hr −44.3 (−67.7, -4.2) 0.98   48-hr −47.0 (−74.7, 7.5) 0.96
  72-hr −42.2 (−65.2, -6.7) 0.99   72-hr −52.7 (−74.8, -11.6) 0.99
Non-Diabetic 4-hr 5.9 (−15.7, 34.0) 0.31 Non-Diabetic 4-hr −8.6 (−40.0, 40.2) 0.66
  24-hr 14.8 (−11.7, 49.1) 0.15 Obese 24-hr 11.7 (−31.7, 81.7) 0.32
  48-hr 7.7 (−18.0, 41.4) 0.30   48-hr 4.6 (−33.2, 100.2) 0.32
  72-hr 10.2 (−15.4, 43.4) 0.23   72-hr −0.8 (−39.3, 63.4) 0.51
Obese 4-hr −13.3 (−40.5, 26.2) 0.78 Diabetic 4-hr −25.6 (−59.1, 35.4) 0.83
  24-hr −7.8 (−38.8, 39.3) 0.65 Non-Obese 24-hr −44.2 (−74.3, 21.3) 0.93
  48-hr −13.2 (−45.5, 36.9) 0.72   48-hr −41.3 (−73.7, 30.9) 0.91
  72-hr −26.8 (−52.5, 12.1) 0.92   72-hr −24.6 (−60.9, 43.2) 0.81
Non-Obese 4-hr 6.3 (−16.7, 36.1) 0.32 Non-Diabetic 4-hr 11.8 (−14.3, 45.7) 0.20
  24-hr 7.6 (−19.0, 43.5) 0.31 Non-Obese 24-hr 17.1 (−13.4, 57.0) 0.15
  48-hr 1.0 (−24.0, 35.4) 0.48   48-hr 7.7 (−19.6, 46.5) 0.31
  72-hr 8.5 (−17.7, 44.2) 0.28   72-hr 13.9 (−14.9, 52.3) 0.19
  1. aInterquartile range (IQR): 4-hr = 0.88; 24-hr = 0.52; 48-hr = 0.43; 72-hr = 0.36.
  2. bPosterior probability that γ 1 < 0.