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Table 2 Associations between ‘heart disease and stroke’ and daytime aircraft noise, night-time aircraft noise and 24-hour road traffic noise

From: Exposure to aircraft and road traffic noise and associations with heart disease and stroke in six European countries: a cross-sectional study

Heart disease and stroke Participants = 4712; Cases = 276 Daytime aircraft noise per 10 dB(A) Night-time aircraft noise per 10 dB(A) 24 hr road traffic noise per 10 dB(A)
Crude (exposure and random intercepta) 1.09 (0.95, 1.24) 1.18 (1.02, 1.35) 1.21 (1.02, 1.43)
Adjusted for age, sex, BMI, education, ethnicityb 1.05 (0.92, 1.21) 1.12 (0.97, 1.29) 1.18 (1.00, 1.41)
Adjusted for age, sex, BMI, education, ethnicity and other noise exposuresc 1.06 (0.92, 1.21) 1.12 (0.98, 1.29) 1.19 (1.00, 1.41)
≥ 20 years residence    
Heart disease and stroke Participants = 2236; Cases = 154
Crude (exposure and random intercepta) 1.17 (0.97, 1.40) 1.36 (1.10, 1.59) 1.20 (0.96, 1.51)
Adjusted for age, sex, BMI, education, ethnicityb 1.11 (0.92, 1.34) 1.24 (1.03, 1.50) 1.19 (0.94, 1.51)
Adjusted for age, sex, BMI, education, ethnicity and other noise exposuresc 1.11 (0.92, 1.34) 1.25 (1.03, 1.51) 1.20 (0.95, 1.52)
  1. Odds ratios and 95% Confidence Intervals.
  2. athe hierarchical structure of each logistic regression model assumed a random intercept accounting for differences in heart disease and stroke prevalence between countries.
  3. bage was measured as a continuous variable, sex as male or female, BMI as continuous, education as quartiles of years of education standardised by country means and ethnicity as white or non-white.
  4. cboth aircraft noise models were adjusted for road traffic noise and the road traffic noise model was adjusted for night time aircraft noise.