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Table 2 Area-level summary statistics

From: Social stressors and air pollution across New York City communities: a spatial approach for assessing correlations among multiple exposures

Administrative indicator Mean Min Max SD Moran’s I
Felony Larceny Crimes/10,000 persons 50.89 17.01 457.69 57.90 0.38**
Murder/10,000 0.43 0.00 1.85 0.37 0.46**
Felonious Assault/10,000 15.46 1.82 42.34 9.00 0.39**
Felony Robbery/10,000 19.59 3.08 48.68 9.11 0.34**
Felony Burglary/10,000 18.48 5.52 93.70 10.52 0.14*
% Perceived Lack of Neighborhood Safety 30.39 4.70 64.70 16.93 0.25*
% Parks not acceptably clean 20.46 0.00 51.00 11.52 0.34**
% Sidewalks not acceptably clean 3.07 0.20 10.80 2.16 0.52**
Serious housing violations/1,000 Units 53.87 1.40 195.80 51.11 0.57**
Air Quality complaints/10,000 12.50 3.87 56.76 11.89 0.70**
% Crowding 7.95 1.73 16.28 3.67 0.24*
% With no insurance coverage 15.42 2.94 29.62 5.69 0.31*
% Went without needed medical care 11.56 3.58 19.68 3.79 0.20
% Without personal care provider 16.45 8.12 32.36 5.96 0.08
Public Health Insurance enrollment 2801.64 417.10 5356.22 1274.07 0.41**
% Frequent noise disruption 19.86 11.38 35.33 5.81 0.08
% Traffic noise disruption 21.91 12.98 35.21 5.61 0.07
% Neighbor noise disruption 19.63 7.86 30.32 5.28 0.09
% Students in schools exceeding capacity 16.00 0.00 41.70 12.81 0.10
% School buildings in good to fair condition 33.16 1.00 57.00 12.00 0.14
% Average daily student absenteeism 9.94 6.67 14.75 1.86 0.41**
Cases of Child Abuse/Neglect 26.84 2.69 87.82 21.95 0.62**
% Living below 200% federal poverty line (FPL) 37.16 12.15 65.82 13.04 0.32*
% Delayed rent or mortgage payment 15.78 4.99 29.43 6.86 0.25*
Food Stamp program enrollment/10,000 1638.20 186.31 3888.49 1040.26 0.54**
% Less than high school education 13.47 2.80 35.70 8.10 0.10
% Unemployed <1 year 8.38 4.38 14.24 2.44 0.55**
% Non-White racial composition 63.32 20.34 97.98 23.31 0.28*
% African American (Non-Hispanic) 23.31 1.64 72.62 22.54 0.35*
% Hispanic ethnicity composition 26.25 6.33 64.67 16.80 0.53**
Mean pollution concentration, by UHF Mean Min Max SD Moran's I
BC (abs) 1.12 0.80 1.72 0.22 0.57**
NO2 (ppb) 25.13 15.70 39.25 5.20 0.57**
PM2.5 (μg/m3) 11.08 9.31 14.74 1.29 0.56**
SO2 (ppb) 5.40 2.79 10.27 1.94 0.52**
O3 (ppb) 24.85 19.46 28.85 2.19 0.43**
  1. *p <0.01.
  2. **p <0.0001.
  3. Moran’s I values near zero indicate random dispersion; positive values indicate spatial autocorrelation.