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Table 1 Health effects of the Bhopal methyl isocyanate gas leak exposure [8, 30-32].

From: The Bhopal disaster and its aftermath: a review

Early effects (0–6 months)
Ocular Chemosis, redness, watering, ulcers, photophobia
Respiratory Distress, pulmonary edema, pneumonitis, pneumothorax.
Gastrointestinal Persistent diarrhea, anorexia, persistent abdominal pain.
Genetic Increased chromosomal abnormalities.
Psychological Neuroses, anxiety states, adjustment reactions
Neurobehavioral Impaired audio and visual memory, impaired vigilance attention and response time, Impaired reasoning and spatial ability, impaired psychomotor coordination.
Late effects (6 months onwards)
Ocular Persistent watering, corneal opacities, chronic conjunctivitis
Respiratory Obstructive and restrictive airway disease, decreased lung function.
Reproductive Increased pregnancy loss, increased infant mortality, decreased placental/fetal weight
Genetic Increased chromosomal abnormalities
Neurobehavioral Impaired associate learning, motor speed, precision