Skip to main content

Table 1 Some characteristics about drinking water supply and nitrogen sources in the EU and US.

From: Does the evidence about health risks associated with nitrate ingestion warrant an increase of the nitrate standard for drinking water?

  Population Drinking water supply Waste water N-surplus agriculture
  million %rural %ground water %surface water %largea facilities %untreated kg/ha
Austria 7.8 46 95 5 60 14 36
Belgium 10.2 4 53 33 90 62 145
Denmark 5.3 39 99 1 74 11 111
Finland 5.3 63 34 36 36 19 56
France 59.7 17 64 36 73 23 41
Germany 82.7 14 72 16 82 7 92
Greece 10.7 40 50 50 69 44 48
Ireland 3.6 71 25 75 75 27 63
Italy 57.6 10 85 15 83 31 40
Netherlands 15.9 2 66 34 100 2 256
Spain 28.4 16 35 65 73 45 35
UK 58.1 4 27 58 98 5 37
USb 293.7 20 33 67 84 no data c43
  1. a) serving more than 5000 consumers,
  2. b) US data from [34], EU data from [22] and EUROSTAT http://epp.eurostat.cec.eu.int/
  3. c) Inferred from [35]