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Table 2 Cyanobacterial lipopolysaccharides and lethality

From: Cyanobacterial lipopolysaccharides and human health – a review

CYANOBACTERIUM LETHALITY REFERENCE
Anacystis nidulans non-toxic at 10 mg/kg** [172]
A. nidulans KM 2.5 mg/kg (= approx. 800-fold greater than Salmonella minnesota LPS) [161]
Phormidium spp. (x3) all non-toxic at mean dose of 333 mg/kg [286]
Schizothrix calcicola non-toxic at 200 mg/kg [168]
Anabaena flos-aquae UTEX 1444
Anabaena cylindrica UTEX 1611
Oscillatoria brevis
non-toxic at 250 mg/kg
LD50 130 mg/kg
LD50 190 mg/kg
[169]
[169]
[169]
Microcystis aeruginosa 006
lipid A
M. aeruginosa NRC-1
lipid A
LD50 approx 45 mg/kg**
LD50 60 mg/kg**
LD50 40 mg/kg**
LD50 approx 45 mg/kg**
[159]
[159]
[159]
[159]
Spirulina platensis Lb 1475/4a LD100 425 mg/kg** [223]
Microcystis sp. PCC 7806 1 of 3 mice* died at 50 μg/kg** [160]
M. aeruginosa (bloom sample)
Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii AWT 205
no deaths at 70 mg/kg
no deaths at 70 mg/kg
[156]
[156]
  1. *galactosamine-sensitised (= TNF-α hypersensitised)
  2. adrenalectomised mice
  3. ** assumed weight of mice: 20 g