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Table 4 Meteorological data: daily mean values (mean, minimum and maximum)

From: Assessment and prevention of acute health effects of weather conditions in Europe, the PHEWE project: background, objectives, design

Summer period (April–September)
  temperature (°C) relative humidity (%) sea level pressure (hPa) wind speed (m/s) max apparent temperature (°C)
CITY mean min max mean min max mean min max mean min max mean min max
Athens 23.5 7.6 34.3 57 23 89 1013.0 945.8 1031.3 3.3 0.3 11.6 27.9 7.9 41.6
Barcelona 21.7 8.6 34.2 66 29 99 1015.2 993.7 1030.6 6.7 0.9 22.3 23.3 * 6.5* 36.9*
Budapest 18.2 1.5 29.8 61 30 97 1014.5 992.6 1033.6 2.6 0.7 8.8 21.9 0.2 38.8
Dublin 12.5 1.4 21.0 81 53 100 1014.8 974.7 1038.5 4.7 1.1 12.0 14.7 1.5 28.5
Helsinki 12.0 -6.5 25.4 71 28 98 1012.7 982.9 1035.6 3.6 0.9 9.6 14.3 -3.7 32.8
Krakow 15.0 -1.6 26.6 77 45 98 1015.7 991.1 1033.1 2.3 0.0 10.1 19.1 -2.3 35.8
Ljubljana 15.9 0.6 26.5 75 33 98 970.8 949.2 985.4 1.6 0.2 7.0 20.1 -1.7 35.4
London 15.1 3.2 28.0 71 42 96 1015.5 984.1 1036.3 3.4 0.7 9.3 18.1 1.5 35.2
Milan 20.0 2.5 29.4 72 26 100 1014.2 991.5 1031.9 1.7 0.0 9.4 25.4 2.7 40.8
Paris 16.1 2.1 30.2 72 32 100 1015.9 988.1 1032.9 4.0 1.0 11.9 19.7 1.5 39.4
Prague 15.1 -1.7 28.7 70 31 98 972.5 947.0 990.4 3.8 0.3 12.0 17.8 -3.3 36.3
Rome 20.5 6.1 30.3 72 25 94 1014.2 992.6 1031.8 3.1 0.5 12.5 26.1 5.9 40.5
Stockholm 12.8 -3.2 26.6 72 36 99 1012.9 985.6 1036.1 3.3 0.6 8.1 15.4 -2.1 34.0
Turin 18.5 3.0 27.9 74 32 97 1014.2 993.0 1032.0 1.4 0.0 7.7 23.4 4.2 45.8
Valencia 22.3 10.5 30.0 66 32 92 1015.1 995.1 1030.9 3.3 1.1 9.9 29.5 10.6 44.9
Zurich 15.1 1.4 26.2 73 42 97 1016.4 993.2 1034.6 2.1 0.2 6.0 19.0 0.7 35.2
Winter period (October–March)
  temperature (°C) relative humidity (%) sea level pressure (hPa) wind speed (m/s) max apparent temperature (°C)
CITY mean min max mean min max mean min max mean min max mean min max
Athens 13.1 0.7 26.5 70 35 92 1018.2 988.9 1035.7 3.2 0.0 12.8 14.8 0.8 34.1
Barcelona 13.4 1.9 25.2 69 37 100 1018.3 990.2 1038.2 7.0 0.0 22.1 12.3* 0.2* 27.9*
Budapest 4.0 -12.1 19.5 77 36 100 1019.7 988.9 1045.7 2.6 0.5 8.6 5.0 -9.7 25.7
Dublin 7.0 -4.2 17.8 85 54 100 1012.2 971.1 1046.3 6.0 0.6 17.5 7.5 -4.6 19.8
Helsinki -0.9 -24.1 14.7 85 44 99 1010.8 949.5 1054.4 4.1 0.1 11.5 -0.7 -14.5 14.8
Krakow 2.3 -21.4 17.9 86 53 100 1019.2 987.7 1046.9 2.8 0.0 11.5 3.3 -14.4 25.4
Ljubljana 3.0 -13.3 18.4 83 26 100 973.5 939.8 995.5 1.3 0.0 8.0 4.4 -9.9 24.3
London 7.5 -5.2 18.9 81 52 100 1016.1 978.6 1044.3 3.7 0.4 12.5 8.4 -5.6 24.5
Milan 7.1 -6.5 22.7 81 20 100 1019.1 986.8 1041.0 1.3 0.0 9.4 8.8 -6.3 32.6
Paris 6.9 -10.7 20.0 84 37 100 1018.1 983.3 1044.8 4.8 0.5 14.6 7.7 -9.2 25.4
Prague 2.5 -19.7 19.0 84 42 100 973.8 974.5 996.8 4.6 0.0 16.3 2.6 -13.4 22.5
Rome 10.5 -2.0 25.8 80 34 98 1017.1 990.4 1039.1 3.2 0.3 13.1 13.5 -1.0 41.5
Stockholm 1.3 -16.7 15.8 85 44 99 1010.9 947.9 1049.1 3.7 0.3 10.3 1.3 -12.9 19.4
Turin 6.0 -6.9 20.2 76 25 99 1019.5 989.2 1041.4 1.1 0.0 9.5 8.1 -5.9 29.5
Valencia 13.7 3.4 26.0 69 29 98 1018.7 993.5 1034.8 3.1 0.3 12.2 18.1 3.2 35.9
Zurich 4.0 -11.7 17.0 82 44 98 1020.7 987.2 1044.6 2.4 0.5 10.3 4.8 -9.2 23.5
  1. * for Barcelona the mean apparent temperature is reported