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Table 1 Comparison of the HVS3 and Household Vacuum Sampling Methods in Detecting and Ranking Concentrations of Chemicals

From: Household vacuum cleaners vs. the high-volume surface sampler for collection of carpet dust samples in epidemiologic studies of children

Class Analyte Methoda Method Detection Limitb Nc No. of Homes in Which Detected Percent Agreement in Detection Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient Pearson Correlation Coefficient Observed Odds Ratioe
      HVS3 HH Vacd     
Organochlorine Insecticides γ-Chlordane H:A 2 40 39 36 93% 0.83 0.86 1.7–1.8
  α-Chlordane H:A 2 40 38 35 88% 0.78 0.79 1.6–1.7
  p,p'-DDE H:A 2 40 35 34 83% 0.81 0.72 1.4–1.6
  p,p'-DDT H:A 10 39 21 24 77% 0.66 0.67 1.3–1.6
  Dieldrin H:A 50 40 2 4 95% 0.69 0.64 1.3–1.6
  Dicofol H:A 50 40 1 1 100% -- -- --
  Lindane H:A 10 40 1 0 98% -- -- --
  Methoxychlor H:A 10 40 14 14 90% 0.84 0.88 1.8–1.9
  Pentachlorophenol Acid 5 20 20 20 100% 0.63 0.82 1.6–1.7
Organophosphate insecticides Acephate H:A 100 40 1 1 100% -- -- --
  Chlorpyrifos H:A 5 40 40 38 95% 0.67 0.78 1.6–1.7
  Diazinon H:A 2 40 35 37 85% 0.76 0.77 1.5–1.7
  Phosmet H:A 25 40 16 14 90% 0.90 0.95 1.8–1.9
  Malathion H:A 10 40 3 3 90% 0.24 0.04 1.0–1.1
  Methyl parathion H:A 20 40 3 2 98% 0.83 0.82 1.6–1.7
Carbamate insecticides Carbaryl H:A 2 40 35 37 95% 0.71 0.67 1.3–1.6
  Propoxur H:A 5 39 33 33 85% 0.60 0.57 1.2–1.5
Pyrethroid insecticides Allethrin 1f H:A 20 40 6 3 83% 0.15 0.16 1.0–1.1
  Allethrin 2 H:A 20 40 6 3 83% 0.15 0.14 1.0–1.1
  Cypermethrin 1 H:A 20 40 17 16 83% 0.81 0.91 1.8–1.9
  Cypermethrin 2 H:A 20 40 18 18 85% 0.83 0.91 1.8–1.9
  Cypermethrin 3 H:A 20 40 18 18 85% 0.77 0.87 1.7–1.8
  Cypermethrin 4 H:A 20 40 17 16 83% 0.77 0.89 1.8–1.9
  Cyfluthrin 1 H:A 20 38 7 6 87% 0.61 0.70 1.4–1.6
  Cyfluthrin 2 H:A 20 40 8 6 90% 0.67 0.66 1.3–1.6
  Cyfluthrin 3 H:A 20 40 8 7 88% 0.69 0.77 1.5–1.7
  Cyfluthrin 4 H:A 20 40 8 6 90% 0.71 0.72 1.4–1.6
  Deltamethrin H:A 50 40 2 4 95% 0.69 0.69 1.4–1.6
  cis-Permethrin H:A 2 40 40 40 100% 0.87 0.87 1.7–1.8
  trans-Permethrin H:A 2 40 40 40 100% 0.83 0.83 1.7–1.8
  Tetramethrin 1 H:A 2 40 4 6 95% 0.80 0.81 1.6–1.7
  Tetramethrin 2 H:A 2 40 5 8 88% 0.62 0.70 1.4–1.6
Phenoxy herbicides 2,4-D Acid 5 20 17 17 100% 0.74 0.89 1.8–1.9
  MCPA Acid 5 20 2 2 100% 1.00 1.00 2.00
  MCPP Acid 5 20 2 3 95% 0.84 0.89 1.8–1.9
Amide herbicides Alachlor H:A 10 40 1 1 100% -- -- --
  Iprodione H:A 20 39 13 16 87% 0.78 0.80 1.6–1.7
Dinitroaniline herbicides Pendimethalin H:A 10 40 1 1 100% -- -- --
  Trifluralin H:A 2 40 18 18 85% 0.87 0.95 1.8–1.9
Other herbicides Bromoxynil Acid 2 20 5 2 85% 0.68 0.75 1.5–1.7
  Dacthal H:A 1 40 10 10 90% 0.68 0.60 1.3–1.5
  Dicamba Acid 5 20 1 1 100% -- -- --
  Simazine H:A 2 40 25 26 78% 0.75 0.76 1.5–1.7
Other pesticides Chlorothalonil H:A 10 39 4 4 95% 0.68 0.57 1.2–1.5
  Methoprene H:A 100 40 0 1 98% B -- --
  o-Phenylphenol H:A 10 40 38 40 95% 0.64 0.47 1.2–1.4
  Propargite DCM 100 40 2 2 100% 1.00 0.99 >1.9
PAHs Benzo(a)anthracene H:A 2 40 40 40 100% 0.69 0.89 1.8–1.9
  Benzo(b)fluoranthene H:A 2 40 40 40 100% 0.68 0.85 1.7–1.8
  Benzo(k)fluoranthene H:A 2 40 40 40 100% 0.55 0.68 1.4–1.6
  Benzo(a)pyrene H:A 2 40 40 40 100% 0.55 0.71 1.4–1.6
  Chrysene H:A 2 40 40 40 100% 0.78 0.84 1.7–1.8
  Coronene H:A 4 40 39 39 95% 0.81 0.78 1.6–1.7
  Dibenzo(ae)pyrene H:A 4 38 37 33 89% 0.70 0.77 1.5–1.7
  Dibenz(ah)anthracene H:A 2 40 34 35 93% 0.67 0.75 1.5–1.7
  Indeno(123cd)pyrene H:A 2 40 40 40 100% 0.77 0.89 1.8–1.9
PCBs PCB 105 H:A 1 40 12 11 83% 0.54 0.46 1.2–1.4
  PCB 118 H:A 1 40 10 11 83% 0.54 0.49 1.2–1.4
  PCB 138 H:A 1 40 17 16 78% 0.58 0.49 1.2–1.4
  PCB 153 H:A 1 40 23 21 90% 0.83 0.76 1.5–1.7
  PCB 170 H:A 2 40 7 7 90% 0.63 0.56 1.2–1.5
  PCB 180 H:A 2 40 19 20 83% 0.82 0.83 1.7–1.8
Metals Arsenic Metals 0.25 19 19 19 100% 0.68 0.53 1.2–1.5
  Cadmium Metals 0.25 19 19 19 100% 0.73 0.69 1.4–1.6
  Chromium Metals 2.5 19 19 19 100% 0.79 0.85 1.7–1.8
  Copper Metals 0.25 19 19 19 100% 0.76 0.79 1.6–1.7
  Lead Metals 0.25 19 19 19 100% 0.85 0.71 1.4–1.6
  Nickel Metals 0.25 19 19 19 100% 0.64 0.73 1.5–1.7
  Tin Metals 2.5 19 14 13 84% 0.70 0.82 1.6–1.7
  Tungsten Metals 0.25 19 0 1 95% NA -- --
  Zinc Metals 25 19 19 19 100% 0.85 0.81 1.6–1.7
Other compounds Cotinine DCM 10 40 10 12 90% 0.80 0.85 1.7–1.8
  Piperonyl butoxide DCM 4 40 37 38 93% 0.80 0.70 1.4–1.6
  1. aH:A = hexane:acetone method; DCM = dichloromethane method.
  2. bug/g for metals; ng/g for all other analytes.
  3. cN = Number of samples included in all statistical analyses for that analyte. N excludes samples in which the analyte level could not be determined because of the presence of interfering compounds.
  4. dHH Vac = household vacuum cleaner method.
  5. eAssuming a true odds ratio of 2.0.
  6. fFirst isomer to elute chromatographically.