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Table 1 Chronic respiratory symptoms in exposed female and male workers in food processing, textile and farming industries

From: Gender and respiratory findings in workers occupationally exposed to organic aerosols: A meta analysis of 12 cross-sectional studies

Group Sex N Mean age (yrs) Mean exposure (yrs) Smoking habit pack year Chronic cough % Chronic phlegm % Chronic bronchitis % Occupational asthma % Dyspnea grade 3&4 % Nasal catarrh % Sinusitis %
All food processing workers F 746 33 10 5.0 24.9 19.1 14.9 2.4 21.4 16.3 19.8
  M 259 35 10 14.4 39.3 36.4 29.4 1.8 25.4 30.1 18.6
All textile workers F 381 31 9 6.0 27.2 16.8 14.3 4.9 20.8 27.3 16.5
  M 173 35 11 13.8 43.1 32.8 29.9 4.2 20.4 18.5 13.9
All farmers F 252 39 11 8.4 21.6 14.3 9.6 2.3 24.4 21.1 17.1
  M 1200 36 11 16.8 31.8 27.6 24.4 1.6 13.3 18.6 18.0
  1. F = female
  2. M = male