Skip to main content

Table 2 Chronic respiratory symptoms in exposed female and male workers in food processing industries

From: Gender and respiratory findings in workers occupationally exposed to organic aerosols: A meta analysis of 12 cross-sectional studies

Group Sex N Mean age (yrs) Mean exposure (yrs) Smoking habit pack year Chronic cough % Chronic phlegm % Chronic bronchitis % Occupational asthma % Dyspnea grade 3&4 % Nasal catarrh % Sinusitis %
Coffee F 82 31 6 5.0 29.3 24.4 17.1 3.7 29.3 65.9 24.4
  M 21 36 9 15.0 57.1 61.9 52.4 0 33.3 38.7 23.8
Tea F 100 34 10 5.0 29.0 15.0 13.0 4.0 26.0 36.0 15.0
  M 32 35 9 20.0 35.1 31.5 20.5 2.7 30.0 34.0 18.0
Spices F 92 36 12 5.0 22.8 19.6 19.6 0 57.6 37.0 27.2
  M 20 35 13 15.0 31.5 30.5 24.5 0 50.2 30.0 20.1
Soy F 31 28 8 2.5 29.7 21.8 18.5 1.5 15.2 21.7 18.2
  M 29 32 4 10.0 37.0 33.3 25.9 7.4 11.1 22.2 14.8
Animal food F 35 38 12 7.5 20.1 28.2 20.1 1.7 9.3 20.0 16.5
  M 71 40 15 20.0 56.3 50.7 40.9 2.8 11.3 35.2 21.1
Dried fruits F 54 30 7 5.0 16.7 12.9 12.9 0 33.3 40.7 14.8
  M 29 32 8 10.0 28.7 24.5 20.3 0 24.2 36.5 11.5
Confectionary F 259 33 11 5.0 23.9 9.3 7.3 2.7 12.7 20.8 23.6
  M 29 31 10 10.0 27.5 20.7 20.7 0 27.6 24.1 24.1
Cocoa & flour F 93 33 13 5.0 27.9 21.3 10.7 5.4 13.8 27.3 18.5
  M 28 35 14 15.0 41.2 38.5 30.2 1.5 15.2 20.4 15.2
All food processing workers F 746 33 10 5.0 24.9 19.1 14.9 2.4 21.4 16.3 19.8
  M 259 35 10 14.4 39.3 36.4 29.4 1.8 25.4 30.1 18.6
  1. F = female
  2. M = male