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Table 5 Odds ratios of women v. men for developing chronic symptoms

From: Gender and respiratory findings in workers occupationally exposed to organic aerosols: A meta analysis of 12 cross-sectional studies

  Food Processing Textile Industry Farming Industry
Chronic Symptoms Odds Ratio Confidence Interval Odds Ratio Confidence Interval Odds Ratio Confidence Interval
Chronic Cough 0.50 0.36 – 0.69+ 0.35 0.23 – 0.52+ 0.39 0.26 – 0.57+
Chronic Phlegm 0.31 0.22 – 0.44+ 0.32 0.21 – 0.49+ 0.38 0.25 – 0.58+
Chronic Bronchitis 0.33 0.22 – 0.49+ 0.27 0.17 – 0.43+ 0.30 0.18 – 0.49+
Occupational Asthma 1.69 0.53 – 2.86 1.05 0.41 – 2.65 1.72 0.86–2.58
Dyspnea 3 & 4 1.07 0.72 – 1.58 0.80 0.51 – 1.26 * *
Sinusitis 1.18 0.79 – 1.75 1.13 0.64 – 1.62 1.03 0.70 – 1.51
Nasal Catarrh 1.04 0.74 – 1.47 1.41 0.89 – 2.25 1.30 0.92 – 1.84
  1. * Not homogeneous, cannot combine odds ratios across industries.
  2. + Significant odds ratios.