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Table 1 Community specific mean and standard deviation for the analyzed causes of hospital admissions for citizen 65 years and older during the years 2000-2003, and for PM2.5 averaged over two days.

From: Fine particulate air pollution and its components in association with cause-specific emergency admissions

  CHF CVD MI Diabetes Respiratory PM2.5
City mean std mean std mean std mean std mean std mean std
Akron, OH 4.0 2.2 11.4 3.9 1.9 1.4 0.6 0.7 8.2 3.6 16.2 7.5
Bakersfield, CA 1.1 1.0 3.0 1.7 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.5 1.2 1.1 21.0 17.1
Boston, MA 13.2 4.1 36.3 7.5 6.2 2.6 2.1 1.5 13.9 4.6 13.4 5.9
Chicago, IL 29.2 7.0 81.2 14.0 13.7 3.9 6.0 2.7 27.6 7.1 16.1 7.4
Cleveland, OH 10.0 3.6 27.6 6.5 4.4 2.1 1.6 1.3 9.9 3.8 16.9 8.0
Columbus, OH 4.4 2.3 12.1 3.9 1.9 1.4 0.6 0.8 4.6 2.4 16.6 7.5
Dallas, TX 6.0 2.7 17.1 4.9 3.2 1.8 1.2 1.1 6.5 3.0 12.8 5.6
Dayton, OH 3.1 1.8 8.6 3.1 1.4 1.2 0.5 0.7 4.0 2.2 16.2 7.5
Detroit, MI 14.2 4.3 42.4 8.1 7.4 2.8 3.0 1.7 13.8 4.4 16.2 8.1
El Paso, TX 2.7 1.8 8.7 3.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 6.5 3.5 10.2 4.8
Erie, PA 1.3 1.2 4.0 2.1 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.4 1.2 1.1 13.3 7.2
Fresno, CA 2.3 1.6 7.0 2.8 1.5 1.2 0.5 0.7 2.1 1.6 20.0 15.6
Harrisburg, PA 1.2 1.2 3.7 2.0 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.4 1.0 1.0 15.6 8.3
Houston, TX 8.8 3.4 23.9 6.3 3.9 2.1 1.9 1.5 9.0 3.7 12.8 5.2
Kansas City, MO 2.2 1.5 6.5 2.8 1.2 1.1 0.3 0.6 2.5 1.7 12.7 5.7
Los Angeles, CA 12.5 4.2 40.5 8.0 7.6 2.9 3.0 1.8 16.2 4.8 20.7 11.2
Minneapolis, MN 3.8 2.0 13.2 3.9 2.8 1.7 0.7 0.8 4.7 2.3 10.6 5.9
Philadelphia, PA 10.1 3.6 24.7 6.4 3.3 1.9 2.1 1.4 9.6 3.6 15.0 8.0
Pittsburgh, PA 9.3 3.4 24.0 6.2 3.9 2.1 1.4 1.2 9.5 3.6 15.5 7.8
Port Arthutr, TX 1.4 1.2 4.2 2.1 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.6 1.5 1.3 11.4 5.5
Riverside, CA 1.6 1.2 5.5 2.4 1.2 1.1 0.3 0.6 1.9 1.4 27.4 15.5
Sacramento, CA 1.1 1.1 3.7 2.0 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.5 1.5 1.3 12.5 10.2
San Diego, CA 3.0 1.8 10.0 3.5 2.3 1.6 0.6 0.8 3.8 2.1 15.2 8.4
Seattle, WA 3.0 1.8 9.8 3.2 2.2 1.5 0.4 0.6 4.3 2.3 10.0 5.6
St. Louis, MO 6.6 2.6 18.8 4.6 3.9 2.0 1.1 1.1 7.3 3.1 15.0 6.8
Toledo, OH 2.4 1.5 6.7 2.7 1.3 1.2 0.4 0.6 2.5 1.7 14.9 7.3
Overall 6.1 2.5 17.5 4.5 3.1 1.7 1.2 1.0 6.7 2.8 15.3 8.2