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Table 1 Preliminary estimates of ozone- and heat-attributable deaths in England and Wales for combined years 2003, 2005 and 2006 using observed ozone heat-mortality relationships from Pattenden et al.[20] combined with simulated ozone concentrations and temperature from EMEP4UK.

From: Current and future climate- and air pollution-mediated impacts on human health

  Total deaths Number and percentage (95% CI) of deaths attributable to:
   ozone Heat
   Number percent Number percent
All 596914 6798 1.1 (0.5 - 1.7) 5531 0.9 (0.8 - 1.1)
By Region:      
   North East 31890 318 1.0 (0.5 - 1.5) 42 0.1 (-0.0- 0.3)
   North West 83766 817 1.0 (0.5 - 1.5) 1068 1.3 (1.1 - 1.5)
   Yorks & Hum 58502 559 1.0 (0.4 - 1.4) 352 0.6 (0.4 - 0.8)
   E Midland 49183 531 1.1 (0.5 - 1.6) 420 0.9 (0.7 - 1.0)
   W Midland 61324 668 1.1 (0.5 - 1.6) 591 1.0 (0.8 - 1.1)
   East 61166 735 1.2 (0.6 - 1.8) 316 0.5 (0.4 - 0.6)
   London 62277 756 1.2 (0.6 - 1.8) 1202 1.9 (1.8 - 2.1)
   S East 89979 1199 1.3 (0.6 - 2.0) 688 0.8 (0.7 - 0.9)
   S West 61663 785 1.3 (0.6 - 1.9) 519 0.8 (0.7 - 1.0)
   Wales 37164 429 1.2 (0.5 - 1.7) 333 0.9 (0.7 - 1.1)
By Population density:      
   Urban 394152 4492 1.1 (0.5 - 1.7) 4383 1.1 (0.9 - 1.3)
   Other 202762 2306 1.1 (0.5 - 1.7) 1149 0.6 (0.4 - 0.7)
By Month:      
   May 126148 1912 1.5 (0.7 - 2.3) 79 0.1 (0.0 - 0.1)
   June 117910 1478 1.3 (0.6 - 1.9) 683 0.6 (0.4 - 0.7)
   July 119909 1311 1.1 (0.5 - 1.6) 2717 2.3 (1.9 - 2.7)
   August 119056 1142 1.0 (0.5 - 1.4) 1963 1.6 (1.4 - 1.9)
   September 113891 956 0.8 (0.4 - 1.3) 89 0.1 (0.1 - 0.1)
By Temperature:      
<92nd centile 481556 4770 1.0 (0.5 - 1.5) 0 0.0 (0.0 - 0.0)
92nd-99th centile 92109 1516 1.6 (0.8 - 2.5) 2337 2.5 (1.9 - 3.2)
> = 99th centile 19168 512 2.7 (1.3 - 4.0) 3195 16.7 (14.9- 18.5)