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Table 5 Average daily intake dietary nitrates, nitrites and total nitrites by reported maternal race/ethnicity

From: Maternal characteristics associated with the dietary intake of nitrates, nitrites, and nitrosamines in women of child-bearing age: a cross-sectional study

  Unadjusted Adjustedb
  Meana Median Range Meana Median Range
Nitrate mg/day mg/1000 calories/day
   White non-Hispanic 45.54 ± 34.72 37.02 3.01-638.44 31.97 ± 21.86 26.48 4.19-280.27
   Black non-Hispanic 68.42 ± 65.62 48.41 5.39-692.23 42.09 ± 36.65 32.31 4.81-335.96
   Hispanic 56.68 ± 43.23 45.29 2.51-382.06 29.23 ± 18.79 24.36 4.48-234.33
   Asian/Pacific Islander 87.66 ± 79.36 64.03 8.03-556.12 54.61 ± 38.90 43.92 8.29-301.25
   Other 60.42 ± 72.74 42.37 9.84-809.64 33.11 ± 22.08 27.83 7.37-175.05
   All women 52.33 ± 45.60 40.84 2.51-809.64 33.21 ± 24.62 26.75 4.19-335.96
Nitrite mg/day mg/1000 calories/day
   White non-Hispanic 1.55 ± 0.85 1.40 0.12-26.51 1.08 ± 0.35 1.04 0.15-3.25
   Black non-Hispanic 1.91 ± 1.27 1.64 0.20-13.53 1.13 ± 0.41 1.08 0.26-2.69
   Hispanic 2.30 ± 1.38 2.04 0.19-19.78 1.18 ± 0.37 1.15 0.23-3.41
   Asian/Pacific Islander 2.10 ± 1.51 1.67 0.10-12.23 1.28 ± 0.46 1.22 0.34-2.79
   Other 1.94 ± 1.73 1.55 0.36-18.59 1.06 ± 0.35 1.05 0.26-2.10
   All women 1.78 ± 1.14 1.53 0.10-26.51 1.11 ± 0.37 1.07 0.15-3.41
Total nitrite mg/day mg/1000 calories/day
   White non-Hispanic 3.83 ± 2.22 3.37 0.36-39.66 2.68 ± 1.22 2.45 0.36-15.65
   Black non-Hispanic 5.34 ± 4.18 4.23 0.47-48.14 3.24 ± 2.03 2.76 0.56-18.58
   Hispanic 5.13 ± 3.18 4.41 0.31-38.89 2.64 ± 1.09 2.49 0.45-13.08
   Asian/Pacific Islander 6.48 ± 4.92 5.07 0.71-35.91 4.00 ± 2.12 3.45 0.82-17.24
   Other 4.97 ± 5.11 3.84 1.12-59.07 2.71 ± 1.22 2.48 0.99-9.65
   All women 4.41 ± 3.05 3.69 0.31-59.07 2.77 ± 1.37 2.51 0.35-18.58
Nitrosamine μg/day μg/1000 calories/day
   White non-Hispanic 0.548 ± .315 0.487 0.017-7.304 0.380 ± 0.157 0.361 0.014-1.945
   Black non-Hispanic 0.534 ± .396 0.448 0.029-3.187 0.315+0.210 0.280 0.031-2.556
   Hispanic 0.531 ± .348 0.463 0.050-3.878 0.278 ± 0.122 0.262 0.052-1.273
   Asian/Pacific Islander 0.501 ± .386 0.413 0.009-2.852 0.305 ± 0.137 0.289 0.043-0.815
   Other 0.507 ± .373 0.427 0.066-.3444 0.283 ± 0.117 0.267 0.044-0.738
   All women 0.541 ± .337 0.472 0.009-7.304 0.344 ± 0.162 0.322 0.014-2.556
  1. aMean value ± the standard deviation
  2. bAdjusted for daily caloric intake (values presented per 1000 calories consumed)