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Table 4 Percent changes in specific cause deaths per 10 ppb of four-day average of 8-hour ozone

From: Modifiers of short-term effects of ozone on mortality in eastern Massachusetts - A casecrossover analysis at individual level

Variable CVD Respiratory Disorders Diabetes
Age    
   35-64 years 0.7 (-1.29,2.73) 1.62 (-2.65,6.08) 8.95 (0.82,17.73)
   65-74 years 0.77 (-1.19,2.76) 1.73 (-2.21,5.82) 8.03 (0.13,16.56)
   75-84 years 0.66 (-1.23,2.59) 2.1 (-1.71,6.06) 8.05 (0.32,16.39)
   ≥ 85 years 0.61 (-1.26,2.53) 2.13 (-1.64,6.04) 6.79 (-1.05,15.24)
Education    
   ≤ 8 years 0.6 (-1.44,2.69) 1.99 (-2.16,6.32) 7.36 (-1.52,17.03)
   9-12 years 0.65 (-1.21,2.54) 2.01 (-1.71,5.88) 7.73 (0.29,15.72)
   13-16 year 0.74 (-1.19,2.72) 1.91 (-2.02,6) 8.56 (0.33,17.47)
   17 years or more 0.72 (-1.47,2.96) 2.06 (-2.49,6.83) 9.01 (-1.4,20.51)
Marital    
   Never Married 0.71 (-1.27,2.72) 2.21 (-1.79,6.37) 8.55 (0.2,17.59)
   Married or separated 0.63 (-1.26,2.55) 1.8 (-2.02,5.77) 8.18 (0.52,16.42)
   Widowed 0.67 (-1.2,2.57) 2.08 (-1.68,5.98) 7.46 (-0.17,15.67)
   Divorced 0.75 (-1.37,2.91) 1.92 (-2.36,6.39) 7.6 (-1.5,17.53)
Race    
   White & non-Hispanic 0.66 (-1.18,2.54) 2.04 (-1.67,5.88) 8.39 (0.97,16.37)
   Black 0.6 (-1.6,2.85) 1.59 (-3.45,6.9) 7.05 (-1.71,16.59)
   Indian 0.3 (-14.7,17.93) 4.88 (-23.3,43.42) -92.17 (-99.78,174.62)
   Hispanic 1.08 (-2.88,5.2) 0.85 (-8.16,10.75) 5.25 (-7.77,20.11)
   Asian or Pacific 0.41 (-2.8,3.72) 1.42 (-5.04,8.31) 11.36 (-2.44,27.11)
Hispanic    
   Hispanic 0.66 (-1.19,2.54) 2.02 (-1.68,5.86) 7.99 (0.61,15.91)
   Non Hispanic 1.3 (-2.12,4.85) 1.25 (-6.56,9.71) 5.22 (-6.87,18.86)
White    
   White 0.66 (-1.18,2.55) 2.04 (-1.66,5.88) 8.02 (0.62,15.96)
   Non white 0.65 (-1.47,2.81) 1.48 (-3.08,6.27) 7.17 (-1.23,16.28)
Gender    
   Male 0.68 (-1.2,2.58) 2.16 (-1.62,6.08) 8.23 (0.66,16.36)
   Female 0.65 (-1.21,2.55) 1.9 (-1.83,5.78) 7.62 (0.12,15.69)
Population per km2 *    
   Low 0.65 (-1.25,2.59) 2.18 (-1.66,6.16) 8.2 (0.3,16.73)
   Medium 0.65 (-1.21,2.55) 1.93 (-1.82,5.81) 8.02 (0.5,16.11)
   High 0.71 (-1.22,2.68) 2 (-1.91,6.07) 7.39 (-0.45,15.86)
House income*    
   Low 0.69 (-1.24,2.66) 1.95 (-1.97,6.02) 7.56 (-0.3,16.05)
   Medium 0.61 (-1.25,2.5) 2.05 (-1.69,5.93) 7.91 (0.42,15.96)
   High 0.78 (-1.14,2.74) 1.96 (-1.91,5.99) 8.39 (0.17,17.3)
Percent poverty*    
   Low 0.61 (-1.29,2.55) 1.92 (-1.92,5.9) 7.72 (-0.14,16.2)
   Medium 0.68 (-1.18,2.58) 2.08 (-1.66,5.96) 8.12 (0.59,16.21)
   High 0.68 (-1.28,2.67) 1.93 (-2.05,6.06) 7.64 (-0.32,16.23)
Age    
   35-64 years -0.48 (-2.68,1.78) 0.06 (-3.35,3.58) 6.15 (0.8,11.78)
   65-74 years -0.45 (-2.63,1.77) 0.23 (-3.06,3.64) 6.36 (1.21,11.78)
   75-84 years -0.5 (-2.62,1.66) 0.03 (-3.17,3.34) 5.85 (1.07,10.86)
   ≥ 85 years -0.58 (-2.68,1.56) -0.03 (-3.23,3.27) 5.93 (1.21,10.87)
Education    
   ≤ 8 years -0.62 (-2.9,1.71) -0.07 (-3.54,3.53) 6.15 (0.86,11.71)
   9-12 years -0.52 (-2.59,1.6) 0.07 (-3.08,3.32) 5.79 (1.12,10.68)
   13-16 year -0.47 (-2.63,1.74) 0.06 (-3.24,3.47) 6.41 (1.49,11.57)
   17 years or more -0.44 (-2.89,2.07) 0.17 (-3.62,4.12) 6.15 (0.45,12.18)
Marital    
   Never Married -0.39 (-2.59,1.86) -0.05 (-3.45,3.46) 5.77 (0.65,11.14)
   Married or separated -0.58 (-2.68,1.57) 0.06 (-3.13,3.36) 5.97 (1.17,10.99)
   Widowed -0.53 (-2.62,1.6) 0.05 (-3.13,3.33) 6.01 (1.3,10.94)
   Divorced -0.43 (-2.78,1.97) 0.21 (-3.47,4.03) 6.17 (0.37,12.31)
Race    
   White & non Hispanic -0.51 (-2.57,1.6) 0.07 (-3.06,3.3) 5.92 (1.27,10.77)
   Black -0.71 (-3.16,1.79) -0.26 (-4.18,3.82) 6.75 (0.82,13.03)
   Indian 0.12 (-17.54,21.57) 0.14 (-21.52,27.78) -0.49 (-37.63,58.76)
   Hispanic -0.64 (-5.11,4.04) -0.7 (-8.16,7.38) 9.06 (-1.32,20.53)
   Asian or Pacific -0.83 (-4.54,3.02) 0.14 (-5.82,6.48) 5.4 (-2.42,13.85)
Hispanic    
   Hispanic -0.52 (-2.58,1.58) 0.05 (-3.07,3.28) 5.95 (1.31,10.8)
   Non Hispanic -0.28 (-4.19,3.8) -0.44 (-6.95,6.52) 8.3 (-0.35,17.71)
White    
   White -0.51 (-2.57,1.59) 0.06 (-3.07,3.3) 5.92 (1.28,10.77)
   Non white -0.69 (-3.05,1.73) -0.2 (-3.93,3.68) 6.72 (1.17,12.57)
Gender    
   Male -0.51 (-2.6,1.62) 0.1 (-3.08,3.37) 6.1 (1.33,11.1)
   Female -0.53 (-2.61,1.59) 0.01 (-3.15,3.27) 5.9 (1.23,10.8)
Population per km2 *    
   Low -0.46 (-2.59,1.71) -0.02 (-3.25,3.32) 5.56 (0.75,10.59)
   Medium -0.58 (-2.66,1.54) -0.01 (-3.17,3.25) 6.24 (1.53,11.17)
   High -0.44 (-2.6,1.76) 0.31 (-2.99,3.72) 5.81 (0.87,11)
House income*    
   Low -0.53 (-2.69,1.67) 0.17 (-3.11,3.58) 6.11 (1.14,11.32)
   Medium -0.55 (-2.63,1.56) 0 (-3.15,3.26) 5.77 (1.09,10.67)
   High -0.42 (-2.57,1.77) 0.07 (-3.21,3.46) 6.35 (1.48,11.44)
Percent poverty*    
   Low -0.61 (-2.73,1.56) -0.15 (-3.37,3.19) 6.16 (1.35,11.2)
   Medium -0.46 (-2.54,1.66) 0.16 (-3,3.42) 5.75 (1.06,10.66)
   High -0.58 (-2.76,1.64) -0.03 (-3.38,3.43) 6.41 (1.37,11.7)
  1. Adjusting for linear and quadratic apparent temperature and days of week in the Eastern Massachusetts, May-September, 1995-2002.CI: confidence interval; CVD: Cardiovascular Disease; * Use low and high quartiles as cut-offs.