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Table 1 City characteristics, mean daily number of deaths by cause (count and % of total), Maximum Apparent Temperature, Minimum Temperature and number of annual heat wave days during summer (June-August) in the study period.

From: The impact of heat waves on mortality in 9 European cities: results from the EuroHEAT project

City Study period Population size (65+ years) All natural deaths Respiratory deaths Cardiovascular deaths Cerebrovascular deaths Minimum temperature (°C) 90th percentile Maximum apparent temperature (°C) 90th percentile Heat wave days
    n n (%) n (%) n (%) All years° 2003 all years° 2003 all years° 2003
Athens 1997 - 2004 505935 62 5 (8.1) 32 (51.6) 11 (17.7) 26.4 27.3 37.8 37.6 4 - 21 11
Barcelona 1991 - 2004 331665 30 3 (10.0) 12 (40.0) 4 (13.3) 23.2 27.0 33.1 36.8 5 - 10 43
Budapest 1992 - 2003 300940 46 2 (4.3) 28 (60.9) 7 (15.2) 21.6 22.6 31.6 32.8 3 - 18 16
London 1990 - 2004 937000 117 19 (16.2) 49 (41.9) 11 (9.4) 16.8 18.1 27.1 30.8 3 - 27 14
Milan 1990 - 2003 281024 21 2 (9.5) 9 (42.9) 3 (14.3) 22.2 25.0 36.2 42.2 3 - 14 45
Munich 1992 - 2004 193246 24 1 (4.2) 12 (50.0) 2 (8.3) 15.9 18.1 28.3 31.9 3 - 15 30
Paris 1990 - 2003 809061 82 6 (7.3*) 28* (34.1) 7 (8.5*) 19.1 22.4 30.9 35.0 3 - 15 18
Rome 1992 - 2004 306570 42 3 (7.1) 18 (42.9) 5 (11.9) 21.6 23.8 35.2 36.2 3 - 15 30
Valencia 1994 - 2003 128668 12 1 (8.3) 4 (33.3) 1 (8.3) 24.2 25.6 39.9 41.7 4 - 13 32
  1. *cause of deaths not available in 2003
  2. ° except 2003