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Table 5 Association of socioeconomic position (SEP) with traffic exposure by area of residence

From: Socioeconomic position and health status of people who live near busy roads: the Rome Longitudinal Study (RoLS)

  Residents in the railway ring
(N = 298,326)
Residents outside the railway ring
(N = 1,600,572)
   Living at < = 50 m from HTR   Living at < = 50 m from HTR
  N % OR 95% CI OR 95% CI N % OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age group             
0-17 39,515 23.6 1.00   1.00   250,024 14.0 1.00   1.00  
18-34 58,731 25.4 1.10 1.05 - 1.15 1.18 1.10 - 1.27 361,438 14.9 1.08 1.05 - 1.11 1.05 1.01 - 1.09
35-64 128,539 24.6 1.05 1.02 - 1.09 1.15 1.07 - 1.22 692,614 15.1 1.10 1.07 - 1.12 1.05 1.02 - 1.08
65-74 36,099 25.2 1.09 1.04 - 1.15 1.14 1.06 - 1.22 178,233 16.9 1.25 1.19 - 1.31 1.21 1.15 - 1.27
75+ 35,442 25.2 1.09 1.04 - 1.14 1.15 1.08 - 1.22 118,263 18.9 1.43 1.36 - 1.51 1.36 1.29 - 1.43
Area based SEP             
High 107,244 21.8 1.00   1.00   258,421 16.5 1.00   1.00  
Medium-high 96,397 24.5 1.17 0.91 - 1.49 1.16 0.91 - 1.48 282,154 17.2 1.05 0.86 - 1.29 1.06 0.87 - 1.30
Medium 59,480 28.5 1.43 1.09 - 1.89 1.41 1.07 - 1.86 315,283 19.4 1.22 0.99 - 1.49 1.23 1.00 - 1.51
Medium-low 26,347 27.2 1.34 0.90 - 1.99 1.30 0.88 - 1.93 364,457 14.1 0.84 0.68 - 1.03 0.85 0.69 - 1.05
Low 8,858 31.5 1.65 0.74 - 3.66 1.60 0.72 - 3.59 380,250 11.2 0.65 0.52 - 0.81 0.66 0.53 - 0.82
Education*             
University 75,040 22.5 1.00   1.00   175,926 17.0 1.00   1.00  
High school 103,950 25.2 1.15 1.10 - 1.21 1.14 1.09 - 1.19 520,729 15.8 0.93 0.90 - 0.97 0.96 0.93 - 0.99
Secondary school 90,623 26.5 1.29 1.18 - 1.42 1.24 1.14 - 1.34 710,587 15.0 0.84 0.78 - 0.90 0.95 0.90 - 0.99
Primary school 16,179 24.1 1.24 1.12 - 1.37 1.17 1.07 - 1.28 114,722 14.2 0.77 0.71 - 0.84 0.90 0.85 - 0.96
  1. *(> = 6 year olds)
  2. † multiple regression models including sex, and age group
  3. ‡ multiple regression models including sex, age group, area-based SEP, and education