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Table 4 Additional deaths for occupational and private ETS exposure over 40 years based on the formula by Repace and Lowrey as well as epidemiological studies [71]

From: Quantification of ETS exposure in hospitality workers who have never smoked

Study Exposure Weighted mean nicotine concentration in μg/m3 Lifetime lung cancer risk per 1000 workers (95% CI)
    Men Women
[71, 78, 109] No exposure Non applicable 5.6 (4.9 - 6.3) 4.5 (4.0 - 4.9)
  Only exposure at home 4.3 8.4 (7.4 - 9.5) 6.7 (6.0 - 7.4)
[83]   Range: # #
  Restaurants 0.7- 5.6 (4.9 - 6.3)- 4.5 (4.0 - 4.9)-
   83.3 16.7 (16.0 - 17.4) 15.6 (15.1-16.0)
  Bar/Pub 9.1- 6.8 (6.1-7.5)- 5.7 (5.2 - 6.1)-
   180 29.6 (28.9 - 30.3) 28.5 (28.0-28.9)
  Disco 71.0- 15.1 (14.4 - 15.8) 14.0 (13.5 - 14.4)-
   450 65.6 (64.9-66.3) 64.5 (64.0 - 64.9)
  1. # Exposure only at workplace