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Table 2 Health damage from drinking water nitrate related colon cancer

From: Estimation of incidence and social cost of colon cancer due to nitrate in drinking water in the EU: a tentative cost-benefit assessment

  Total population exposed to >25 mg/L NO3 Total incidence of colon cancer (1993-1997) Additional colon cancer cases due to nitrate per year Total number of lost healthy life years Total number of lost life years from premature death Monetary value of loss of (healthy) life years Unit health damage cost from N-leaching agricultural land
  % x1000 x1000 x1000 x1000 million euro/year euro/capita euro/kg
Austria 8.8 2.5 0.1 0.5 0.4 23 2.9 1.9
Belgium 3.1 3.7 0.1 0.5 0.4 23 2.2 2.4
Denmark 16.2 2.0 0.2 0.8 0.6 35 6.6 0.6
Finland 3.4 1.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 4 0.9 0.8
France 9.7 19.8 1.0 4.7 3.6 202 3.4 0.6
Germany 8.9 42.0 1.9 9.1 7.1 393 4.8 1.4
Ireland 2.8 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 3 0.9 0.1
Italy 6.8 28.3 1.0 4.7 3.6 202 3.5 1.9
Netherlands 3.5 5.5 0.1 0.5 0.4 20 1.3 0.2
Spain 3.8 12.6 0.2 1.2 0.9 51 1.3 0.4
UK 2.0 20.4 0.2 1.0 0.8 43 0.7 0.2
EU11 6.5 139 5 23 18 1000 2.9 0.7
  1. Increased incidence of colon cancer due to nitrate in drinking water from groundwater, the associated loss of healthy life years and loss of life due to premature death and the monetary valuation of this loss for 11 EU member states (population 345 million).