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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participating farmers in Beit-U'mmar village, 1998 and 2006.a

From: Pesticide use and opportunities of exposure among farmers and their families: cross-sectional studies 1998-2006 from Hebron governorate, occupied Palestinian territory

  1998 (n = 61 couples)    2006 (n = 250 male farmers)
  Husbands Wives  
Characteristic No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
Age in years       
20-29 4 (7.0) 14 (23.0) 27 (10.8)
30-39 17 (28.0) 18 (30.0) 68 (7.2)
40-49 17 (28.0) 20 (33.0) 53 (21.2)
50-59 19 (31.1) 8 (13.0) 44 (17.6)
60-69 4 (7.0) 1 (2.0) 41 (16.4)
>69 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 17 (6.8)
Mean (SD) 44.9 (11.0) 39.0 (11.0) 46.6 (14.4)
Education in years       
1-10 28 (46.0) 50 (82.0) 121 (48.4)
11-12 12 (20.0) 6 (10.0) 56 (22.4)
>12 21 (34.4) 5 (8.0) 73 (29.2)
Mean (SD) 10 (4.0) 8 (3.2) 10 (4.3)
Smoking       
Yes 49 (80.3) 5 (8.2) 91 (36.4)
No 12 (19.7) 56 (91.8) 159 (63.6)
No. of children       
0-4 22 (36.0)    95 (38.0)
5-9 32 (53.0)    114 (45.6)
>9 7 (12.0)    41 (16.4)
Mean (SD) 7 (2.3)    6 (4.0)
Socio-economic status b       
Low 8 (13.1)    71 (28.4)
Medium 24 (39.3)    81 (32.4)
High 29 (47.5)    98 (39.2)
  1. a.In the 1998 study the questionnaire included a part relating to women participating in agriculture work.
  2. bSocio-economic status was defined according to farm size (low = ≤ 1ha', medium = 1.1-2.0 ha', and high = >2 ha').