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Table 4 Handling and practicing of pesticides in the two study populations, Beit-U'mmar village, 1998 and 2006

From: Pesticide use and opportunities of exposure among farmers and their families: cross-sectional studies 1998-2006 from Hebron governorate, occupied Palestinian territory

Item 1998 (n = 61) 2006 (n = 250) Crude Prevalence Difference (PD) Adjusted Prevalence Difference (aPD)a
  No. (%) No. (%)   
Using the required amounts of pesticides 15 (25.0) 208 (83.0) +0.58 (+0.47, +0.69) +0.57(+0.48,+0.68)*
Preparing (mixing) pesticides at home 44 (72.0) 192 (77.0) +0.05 (- 0.07, +0.17) +0.03(-0.10, +0.16)
Storing pesticides at home 51 (84.0) 196 (78.0) -0.06 (- 0.17, +0.06) -0.01(-0.13, +0.11)
Washing working clothes with the family clothes 51 (84.0) 236 (94.0) +0.10 (+0.03,+0.18) +0.10 (+0.02,+0.19)*
Cleaning spraying equipment after work 37 (60.7) 189 (75.6) +0.15 (+0.02, +0.27) +0.16 (+0.03, +0.29)*
Taking a meal at work place 40 (65.6) 71 (28.4) -0.37 (-0.50, -0.24) -0.33 (-0.47, -0.19)*
Smoking while applying pesticides 29 (47.5) 64 (25.6) -0.22 (-0.36, -0.09) -0.20 (-0.34, -0.07)*
Considering the safety period 6 (9.8) 244 (97.6) +0.88 (+0.82, +0.93) +0.89 (+0.83, +0.95)*
Using more than 40 units of pesticides/year 35 (57.0) 11 (4.4) -0.53 (-0.61, -0.45) -0.51 (-0.60, -0.43)*
Applying pesticides more than eight times/year 10 (16.4) 36 (14.4) -0.02 (-0.12, +0.08) -0.02 (-0.13, +0.09)
  1. a Adjusted for farmer's age, years of farming, educational years, socio-economic status, and main crops (plums, apples, vegetables)
  2. *Statistically significance p ≤ 0.05