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Table 2 Calculation of external costs (example)

From: External costs of atmospheric Pb emissions: valuation of neurotoxic impacts due to inhalation

Parameter Value Measure Unit
  0< age < 1 1 < age < 2 2 < age < 3  
Pbblood - Pbair 1.97 2.85 3.27 μg/dl/μg/m3
IQloss - Pbblood 0.257 0.257 0.257 IQ point/μg/dl
IQloss - Pbair 0.506 0.732 0.840 IQ point/μg/m3
Cost of IQloss 18918 18918 18918 €/IQ point
Pbemitted 969 969 969 kg/year
Population 19885 19428 19171 Nr. of children
Aggregated Monetaryloss 20385 28259 31398
Monetaryloss - Pbemitted 21 29 32 €/kg
Total   83   €/kg
  1. Example of values used for year 2000, base scenario, discount rate 3%, damage window for Pb impacts 0 < age < 3.