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Table 2 Heat related mortality for the 2003 heatwave in the West Midlands based on a range of temperature metrics

From: Attribution of mortality to the urban heat island during heatwaves in the West Midlands, UK

Temperature metric used Total estimated mortality for 10 day period Percentage of pop. weighted estimate
Population weighted daily mean temperature (‘Urban’ run) 90 100 %
Geographical daily mean temperature (‘Urban’ run) 73 81 %
aNo UHI case (‘Rural’ run) 43 47 %
  1. aThis is a theoretical calculation of mortality burden based on a ‘rural’ temperature simulation. The mortality attributed to the UHI intensity can be estimated from the difference in mortality between the ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ runs