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Table 1 Estimated ventilation rate distributions in European countries [17]

From: Reducing burden of disease from residential indoor air exposures in Europe (HEALTHVENT project)

  Air exchange rate Ventilation rate per occupant
Country Mean Median One-GSD Mean Median One-GSD
rangea rangea
  h−1 h−1 h−1 lps pp lps pp lps pp
Austria 0.9 0.7 (0.4-1.3) 25 21 (11.1-39.1)
Belgium 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.1) 17 14 (7.6-26.7)
Bulgaria 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.1) 15 12 (6.4-22.3)
Cyprus 1.2 1.0 (0.5-1.9) 24 20 (10.6-37.2)
Czech Republic 0.6 0.5 (0.3-1.0) 14 11 (6.0-21.1)
Denmark 0.7 0.5 (0.3-1.0) 24 20 (10.4-36.6)
Estonia 0.7 0.5 (0.3-1.0) 13 10 (5.5-19.4)
Finland 0.7 0.5 (0.3-1.0) 17 14 (7.5-26.3)
France 0.6 0.5 (0.3-1.0) 18 14 (7.7-27.1)
Germany 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.0) 20 17 (8.8-31.0)
Greece 1.0 0.8 (0.4-1.5) 20 17 (8.8-30.9)
Hungary 0.8 0.6 (0.3-1.2) 16 13 (6.8-24.0)
Ireland 0.6 0.5 (0.3-0.9) 14 12 (6.2-21.9)
Italy 0.8 0.6 (0.3-1.2) 21 17 (9.2-32.4)
Latvia 0.7 0.5 (0.3-1.0) 11 9 (4.9-17.2)
Lithuania 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.0) 11 9 (4.9-17.3)
Luxembourg 0.9 0.7 (0.4-1.3) 32 26 (14.1-49.5)
Netherlands 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.0) 21 17 (9.1-32.1)
Poland 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.1) 11 9 (4.8-16.7)
Portugal 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.1) 15 12 (6.6-23.1)
Romania 0.8 0.6 (0.3-1.2) 7 6 (3.2-11.1)
Slovakia 0.8 0.6 (0.3-1.2) 12 10 (5.1-17.9)
Slovenia 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.1) 13 11 (5.9-20.7)
Spain 0.8 0.7 (0.3-1.2) 20 17 (8.9-31.3)
Sweden 0.6 0.5 (0.3-1.0) 20 17 (9.0-31.5)
UK 0.6 0.5 (0.3-0.9) 15 13 (6.8-23.8)
EU-26 0.7 0.6 (0.3-1.1) 17 14 (7.3-25.6)
  1. a(median/GSD, median x GSD), GSD = Geometric Standard Deviation