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Table 2 Outdoor and indoor exposure levels (PM2.5, radon and VOC) and prevalence of exposure (dampness in homes and second hand smoke of non-smoking population) in European countries used for burden of disease calculations

From: Reducing burden of disease from residential indoor air exposures in Europe (HEALTHVENT project)

  a)Out. PM2.5 b)Ind. PM2.5 c)Out. VOC d)Ind. VOC e)Ind. Radon f)Dampness homes g)SHS non-smokers
  μg m−3 μg m−3 μg m−3 μg m−3 Bq m−3 % %
Austria 17 5 103 298 97 8 14
Belgium 19 5 103 298 69 14 18
Bulgaria 22 5 103 298 30 n/a 23
Cyprus 23 4 103 298 7 30 31
Czech Republic 23 5 116 334 (8 140 16 16
Denmark 13 3 103 298 53 11 17
Estonia 11 3 103 298 120 23 16
Finland 9 3 64 226 (8 120 5 2
France 12 5 77 223 (9 89 14 9
Germany 16 5 103 297 (10 50 13 13
Greece 21 4 155 345 (9 55 19 28
Hungary 25 5 103 298 107 19 12
Ireland 8 3 103 298 89 15 14
Italy 20 4 181 489 (8 70 21 11
Latvia 12 3 103 298 n/a 26 12
Lithuania 14 3 103 298 55 25 28
Luxembourg 12 5 52 148 (9 115 15 8
Netherlands 19 5 46 134 (9 30 18 15
Poland 22 5 103 298 49 37 21
Portugal 18 4 38 213 (9 86 20 13
Romania 23 5 103 298 45 29 23
Slovakia 23 5 103 298 87 6 13
Slovenia 17 5 103 298 87 17 14
Spain 16 4 103 298 90 18 20
Sweden 10 3 77 223 (11 108 6 3
UK 13 3 85 245 (8 20 15 7
EU-26 17 4 104 298 64 18 14
  1. a)De Leeuw and Horalek, 2009 [28], b)Hänninen, et al. 2004 [11] (in case of missing data, European average value used), c)Outdoor VOC concentrations were calculated based on indoor concentrations by using data on fraction estimations from literature (Finland 0,22, Greece 0.31, Italy 0.27, Portugal 0.15, other countries 0.26 (population weighted EU-26 mean value based on the four previous values), d)Data on indoor VOC concentrations collected from several source (indicated separately, in case of missing data, European average value used, indicated with italics), e)EU Radonmapping [29] (in case of missing data, European average value used), f)WHO/ENHIS Fact Sheet 3.5 [30], g)Survey on Tobacco, Eurobarometer 253, 2009 [23], h)EXPOLIS study Jantunen MJ. et al. 1998 [31], i)IAIAQ model, Jantunen et al. 2012 [22], j)GerEs study: http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/en/topics/health/assessing-environmentally-related-health-risks/german-environmental-survey-geres, k)Norback, D. et al. 1995 [32].