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Table 1 Urban ecosystem services relevant to human health. Classification adapted from [8]

From: Health and climate related ecosystem services provided by street trees in the urban environment

Service class Specific services
Provisioning services Food supply, water supply
Regulating services and related health benefits Urban temperature regulation, noise reduction, air quality improvement, moderation of climate extremes, runoff mitigation, waste treatment, pollination, pest regulation, seed dispersal, global climate regulation
Supporting (habitat) services Habitat for biodiversity
Cultural services Recreation, aesthetic benefits, cognitive development, place values and social cohesion