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Table 1 Age-standardized rates (ASR) (per 100,000 person-years)a and standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for major categories of death for ages 20+ in Asbest city and Sverdlovsk Region by Gender: 1997–2010

From: Comparison of mortality in Asbest city and the Sverdlovsk region in the Russian Federation: 1997–2010

  Males Females Persons
Cause of death O Asbest b ASR Asbest ASR Sverdlovsk SMR (95 % CI) O Asbest b ASR Asbest ASR Sverdlovsk SMR (95 % CI) O Asbest b ASR Asbest ASR Sverdlovsk SMR (95 % CI)
All-cause mortality 8661 2763.9 2801.7 0.98 (0.96–1.00) 7935 1388.5 1352.4 1.03 (1.00–1.05) 16596 1947.3 1941.6 1.00 (0.99–1.02)c
Infectious and parasitic diseases 220 61.9 68.2 0.90 (0.79–1.03) 65 14.6 14.5 1.04 (0.81–1.33) 285 36.1 38.9 0.93 (0.83–1.05)
Cancer 1503 496.6 416.2 1.18 (1.12–1.24) 1251 229.9 192.5 1.21 (1.14–1.28) 2754 322.3 270.5 1.20 (1.15–1.24)
Diseases of blood and blood forming organs 3 1.0 1.2 0.80 (0.17–2.34) 4 0.8 0.9 0.84 (0.23–2.16) 7 0.8 1.0 0.83 (0.33–1.70)
Endocrine, nutritional, metabolic diseases 34 10.7 7.5 1.41 (0.98–1.97) 74 13.0 9.9 1.38 (1.08–1.73) 108 12.5 9.2 1.39 (1.14–1.68)
Mental and behaviour disorders 16 4.3 8.2 0.51 (0.29–0.83) 8 1.6 2.2 0.75 (0.32–1.47) 24 3.0 5.1 0.58 (0.37–0.87)
Diseases of nervous system 52 15.7 20.1 0.76 (0.57–1.00) 57 10.8 9.3 1.26 (0.95–1.63) 109 13.2 14.0 0.96 (0.79–1.16)c
Diseases of circulatory system 4043 1354.6 1380.5 0.98 (0.95–1.01) 5059 837 862.7 0.97 (0.94–1.00) 9102 1042.2 1067.2 0.98 (0.96–1.00)
Diseases of respiratory system 359 114.3 162.3 0.71 (0.64–0.78) 207 37.6 36.8 1.04 (0.90–1.19) 566 66.9 83.8 0.80 (0.74–0.87)c
Diseases of digestive system 416 129.3 105.3 1.21 (1.10–1.33) 386 74.9 53.3 1.40 (1.28–1.55) 802 96.6 74.7 1.30 (1.21–1.39)c
Diseases of genitourinary system 54 17.7 16.0 1.09 (0.82–1.43) 77 14.6 9.5 1.55 (1.22–1.94) 131 15.5 11.7 1.33 (1.11–1.57)
All external causesd 1764 497.9 527.7 0.94 (0.90–0.99) 541 117.8 124.3 0.94 (0.87–1.03) 2305 290.4 306.4 0.95 (0.91–0.99)
Other causes of deathe 44 14.7 13.1 1.11 (0.80–1.49) 161 27.5 17.4 1.61 (1.37–1.88) 205 23.5 16.2 1.46 (1.27–1.68)c
Ill-defined and unknown causes 153 45.1 75.3 0.60 (0.51–0.71) 45 8.5 18.9 0.47 (0.34–0.63) 198 24.3 42.9 0.57 (0.49–0.65)
  1. aAge-standardized rates for ages 20+ calculated using European standard (5-year age groups 20–69, and 70+)
  2. bNumber of cases observed in Asbest city
  3. cMale and female SMRs statistically significantly different (p < 0.05) based on likelihood ratio test
  4. dFor males and females combined, the largest ASRs for specific external causes were observed for homicides, suicides, other external causes, falls and motor vehicle accidents (traffic and non) in Asbest city and suicides, injury of undetermined intent, other external causes, unintentional poisoning by alcohol and homicides in Sverdlovsk region
  5. eOther includes categories of pregnancy and childbirth, perinatal, congenital anomalies, benign tumours, otitis media and other diseases of mastoid processes, senility, diseases of skin, diseases of musculoskeletal system