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Table 1 Population characteristics by metabolic syndrome status in men and women

From: The association between phthalates and metabolic syndrome: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2010

  Men (n = 1388) Women (n = 1331)
MetS No MetS MetS No MetS
(n = 464) (n = 924) (n = 501) (n = 830)
  Mean (SE)
Age (yrs)*, *** 51.7 (0.7) 42.7 (0.6) 52.6 (0.8) 42.8 (0.5)
BMI (kg/m2)*, *** 32.8 (0.3) 26.7 (0.2) 33.3 (0.4) 26.6 (0.2)
Waist circumference (cm)*, *** 114.0 (0.7) 95.8 (0.5) 107.2 (0.7) 89.3 (0.6)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74 (0.7) 70 (0.5) 71 (0.7) 69 (0.4)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)*, *** 129 (0.9) 119 (0.6) 126 (0.9) 115 (0.7)
Triglycerides*, *** 250 (19.3) 124 (3.0) 188 (7.1) 98 (2.3)
HDL*, *** 41 (0.8) 51 (0.5) 49 (0.8) 63 (0.6)
Glucose*, *** 121 (2.0) 100 (0.7) 115 (1.8) 92 (0.4)
Urinary creatinine (mg/dL) 150 (4.0) 153 (3.3) 119 (2.9) 110 (3.5)
Total caloric intake (kcal)**** 2573 (57) 2616 (38) 1691 (35) 1820 (30)
  N (%a)
Age*, ***
  < 50 year 162 (44.7) 566 (67.3) 177 (39.1) 549 (68.3)
  ≥ 50 year 302 (55.3) 358 (32.7) 324 (60.9) 281 (31.7)
Menopausal status, ***
 Premenopausal -- -- 181 (41.1) 544 (68.7)
 Postmenopausal -- -- 320 (58.9) 286 (31.3)
Race/ethnicity*
 Mexican-American 103 (8.2) 189 (9.8) 117 (8.3) 138 (6.0)
 White 278 (81.5) 447 (69.8) 229 (69.3) 431 (72.6)
 Black 56 (5.1) 191 (10.7) 103 (12.2) 154 (10.5)
 Other 27 (5.2) 97 (9.7) 52 (10.2) 107 (10.9)
Physical activity*, ***
 Vigorous 111 (25.0) 370 (43.5) 74 (15.7) 216 (29.1)
 Moderate 138 (33.7) 194 (20.8) 147 (34.3) 237 (28.9)
 No 215 (41.2) 360 (35.6) 280 (49.9) 377 (42.0)
Smoking**
 Never 189 (45.3) 426 (46.1) 277 (52.3) 499 (56.4)
 Current 102 (21.8) 261 (28.8) 106 (23.2) 167 (22.2)
 Past 173 (32.9) 237 (25.2) 118 (24.5) 164 (21.4)
Education**, ***
 High school or less 266 (48.4) 462 (40.9) 313 (52.3) 347 (33.7)
 Some college 106 (27.5) 244 (28.5) 126 (29.3) 274 (34.8)
 College graduates or higher 92 (24.1) 218 (30.6) 62 (18.4) 209 (31.5)
Poverty status****
 Yes 64 (8.8) 147 (10.6) 139 (20.6) 146 (12.3)
 No 400 (91.2) 777 (89.4) 362 (79.4) 684 (87.7)
  1. *p < 0.0001 in men; **p < 0.05 in men; ***p < 0.0001 in women; ****p < 0.05 in women
  2. aWeighted percentages after accounting for the sampling design