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Table 5 Prevalence odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals for metabolic syndromes stratified by age and sex

From: The association between phthalates and metabolic syndrome: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2010

  Men Women
<50 years ≥50 years <50 years ≥50 years
(n = 728) (n = 660) (n = 726) (n = 605)
MBzPa
 Q1 Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Q2 1.75 (1.02, 2.43) 0.94 (0.41, 0.73) 1.45 (0.74, 2.83) 1.71 (1.00, 2.92)
 Q3 1.53 (0.86, 198) 0.79 (0.38, 0.75) 2.25 (1.13, 4.49) 1.23 (0.57, 2.63)
 Q4 1.86 (1.08, 2.55) 0.67 (0.35, 0.74) 1.84 (0.80, 4.22) 1.82 (0.86, 3.85)
∑DEHPa
 Q1 Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Q2 1.08 (0.57, 1.20) 2.57 (1.02, 1.69) 2.38 (1.37, 4.14) 1.14 (0.63, 2.07)
 Q3 1.60 (0.76, 1.71) 2.00 (0.79, 1.31) 1.85 (1.02, 3.37) 1.23 (0.61, 2.50)
 Q4 2.47 (1.50, 3.62) 2.07 (0.96, 1.80) 2.37 (1.13, 4.97) 1.00 (0.49, 2.06)
  1. a Prevalence odds ratios are adjusted for urinary creatinine, age, race/ethnicity, total caloric intake, education, physical activity, smoking, and poverty