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Table 2 Top 20 countries with highest annual premature mortality attributed to PM2.5 in 2010 for the population <5 and ≥30 years old and the corresponding mortality after the implementation of the EU and US air quality standards

From: Implementing the US air quality standard for PM2.5 worldwide can prevent millions of premature deaths per year

Country Year 2010 deaths (×103) EU limit (25 μgm-3) deaths (×103) US limit (12 μgm-3) deaths (×103)
China 1327 910 (31) 416 (69)
India 575 502 (13) 294 (49)
Pakistana 105 84 (20) 67 (36)
Nigeriaa 89 78 (12) 76 (15)
Bangladesh 85 76 (11) 38 (55)
Russia 67 67 (0) 66 (1)
USA 52 52 (0) 49 (6)
Indonesia 51 48 (6) 33 (35)
Ukraine 51 51 (0) 49 (4)
Viet Nam 43 36 (16) 18 (58)
Germany 34 34 (0) 26 (24)
Egypta 34 33 (3) 33 (3)
Turkey 31 31 (0) 25 (19)
Irana 25 24 (4) 22 (12)
Sudana 24 24 (0) 24 (0)
Japan 24 24 (0) 21 (13)
Myanmar 21 21 (0) 14 (33)
Italy 19 19 (0) 15 (21)
Iraqa 19 19 (0) 19 (0)
Thailand 18 18 (0) 15 (17)
World 3155 2600 (17) 1712 (46)
  1. In parenthesis the % reduction in premature mortality
  2. aIn these countries PM2.5 is dominated by airborne desert dust