Skip to main content

Table 3 Annual premature mortality attributed to PM2.5 in 2010 for the population <5 and ≥30 years old in the EU member countries and the corresponding mortality after the implementation of the EU and US air quality standards

From: Implementing the US air quality standard for PM2.5 worldwide can prevent millions of premature deaths per year

Country Year 2010 deaths (×103) EU limit (25 μgm-3) deaths (×103) US limit (12 μgm-3) deaths (×103)
Germany 34 34 26 (24)
Italy 19 19 15 (21)
France 17 17 15 (12)
United Kingdom 15 15 14 (7)
Romania 15 15 12 (20)
Poland 14 14 10 (29)
Hungary 7.1 7.1 5.4 (24)
Spain 6.5 6.5 6.4 (2)
Czech Republic 6.5 6.5 4.3 (34)
Netherlands 4.7 4.7 2.9 (38)
Bulgaria 4.7 4.7 3.4 (28)
Belgium 4.4 4.4 2.9 (34)
Greece 3.9 3.9 3.1 (21)
Slovakia 3.7 3.7 2.7 (27)
Austria 3.0 3.0 2.4 (20)
Croatia 2.2 2.2 1.8 (18)
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 (0)
Portugal 1.8 1.8 1.8 (0)
Denmark 1.6 1.6 1.5 (6)
Latvia 1.3 1.3 1.3 (0)
Sweden 0.928 0.928 0.897 (3)
Slovenia 0.685 0.685 0.517 (25)
Ireland 0.538 0.538 0.538 (0)
Estonia 0.498 0.498 0.498 (0)
Finland 0.445 0.445 0.445 (0)
Malta 0.164 0.164 0.118 (28)
Cyprus 0.142 0.142 0.132 (7)
Luxemburg 0.106 0.106 0.078 (26)
EU total 173 173 138 (20)
  1. In parenthesis the % reduction in premature mortality