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Table 4 Top 20 countries with highest fraction of annual premature mortality attributed to natural sources of PM2.5 over total PM2.5 related mortality in 2010 for the population <5 and ≥30 years old

From: Implementing the US air quality standard for PM2.5 worldwide can prevent millions of premature deaths per year

Country PM2.5 deaths (×103) Natural sources deaths (×103) Fraction (%)
Sudan 24 24 (23) 100 (96)
Iraq 19 19 (18) 100 (95)
Saudi Arabia 14 14 (13) 100 (93)
Niger 13 13 (12) 100 (92)
Mali 9.4 9.3 (9.0) 99 (96)
Chad 7.4 7.3 (7.2) 99 (97)
Burkina Faso 9.3 9.1 (8.6) 98 (92)
Egypt 34 33 (31) 97 (91)
Cameroon 8.3 7.9 (7.2) 95 (87)
Ghana 9.3 8.7 (8.0) 93 (86)
D.R. Congo 15 13 (13) 87 (87)
Nigeria 89 76 (61) 85 (68)
Algeria 13 11 (11) 85 (85)
Morocco 13 11 (10) 85 (77)
Iran 25 21 (20) 84 (80)
Uzbekistan 11 7.8 (6.8) 71 (62)
Pakistan 105 65 (27) 62 (26)
India 575 94 (14) 16 (2)
Indonesia 51 8.2 (8.5) 16 (17)
China 1327 125 (46) 9 (3)
World 3155 692 (460) 22 (14)
  1. In parentheses results of sensitivity calculations where carbonaceous aerosol compounds are assumed to be five times more toxic compared to inorganic and crustal compounds