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Table 1 City-wide PM2.5-attributable health burdens of on-road mobile source emissions

From: The contribution of motor vehicle emissions to ambient fine particulate matter public health impacts in New York City: a health burden assessment

  Count (95 % CI), percent of all events (95 % CI), percent of PM2.5-attributable events (95 % CI)
All motor vehicles in metropolitan region (Sc1 health impacts plus Sc3 health impacts) All motor vehicles in NYC (Sc1 health impacts) Buses and trucks in NYC (Sc2 health impacts) Cars in NYC (Sc1 health impacts minus Sc2 health impacts) All motor vehicles outside NYC (Sc3 impacts)
Emergency Room Visits, Respiratory (All Ages, acute exposure) 660 (380, 940),
0.76 % (0.44 %, 1.1 %),
13.11 % (7.5 %, 18.6 %)
550 (320, 780),
0.64 % (0.37 %, 0.90 %),
10.94 % (6.3 %, 15.5 %)
360 (210, 510),
0.42 % (0.24 %, 0.59 %),
7.19 % (4.17 %, 10.12 %)
190 (100, 270),
0.22 % (0.12 %, 0.31 %),
3.75 % (1.98 %, 5.36 %)
110 (60, 160),
0.13 % (0.07 %, 0.19 %),
2.17 % (1.19 %, 3.17 %)
Hospital Admissions, Cardiovascular (Ages 40 and above, acute exposure) 90 (20, 150),
0.14 % (0.03 %, 0.25 %),
13.32 % (3.1 %, 23.0 %)
70 (20, 120),
0.12 % (0.03 %, 0.20 %,
10.94 % (3.1 %, 18.4 %)
40 (10, 80),
0.07 % (0.02 %, 0.13 %),
6.84 % (1.53 %, 12.27 %)
30 (10, 50),
0.04 % (0.02 %, 0.08 %),
4.09 % (1.53 %, 7.67 %)
20 (4, 30),
0.03 % (0.01 %, 0.05 %),
2.41 % (0.61 %, 4.60 %)
Hospital Admissions, Respiratory (Ages 20 and above, acute exposure) 120 (40, 190),
0.27 % (0.09 %, 0.45 %),
12.96 % (4.5 %, 21.3 %)
100 (40, 150),
0.22 % (0.09 %, 0.35 %),
10.68 % (4.48 %, 16.8 %)
60 (20, 100),
0.14 % (0.05 %, 0.24 %,
6.80 % (2.24 %, 11.21 %)
30 (10, 60),
0.08 % (0.02 %, 0.14 %),
3.88 % (1.12 %, 6.73 %)
20 (10, 30),
0.05 % (0.02 %, 0.07 %),
2.28 % (1.12 %, 3.36 %)
Premature Mortality (Ages 30 and above, chronic exposure) 320 (220, 420),
0.68 % (0.47 %, 0.89 %),
13.22 % (9.14 %, 17.44 %)
260 (180, 340),
0.55 % (0.38 %, 0.72 %),
10.81 % (7.48 %, 14.12 %)
170 (110, 220),
0.35 % (0.23 %, 0.47 %),
6.86 % (4.57 %, 9.14 %)
100 (70, 120),
0.2 % (0.15 %, 0.26 %),
3.95 % (2.91 %, 4.98 %)
60 (40, 80),
0.12 % (0.09 %, 0.17 %),
2.41 % (1.67 %, 3.32 %)
Years of Life Lost (Ages 30 and above, chronic exposure) 5850 (4020, 7680) 4800 (3300, 6300) 3050 (2090, 4000) 1750 (1210, 2300) 1050 (720, 1380)